VIRTUAL COLLECTION OF ASIAN MASTERPIECES

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13Story

01 November 2016
National Museum of Mongolia - Socialist Mongolia 1921-1990
 Home      
|  Prehistory of Mongolia |  Ancient States    
|  Traditional Clothing and Jewelry |  Mongolian Empire |  Traditional Culture of Mongolia |  Traditional Life of Mongolia
|  17-Early 20th Century Mongolia  |  Socialist Mongolia 1921-1900 |  Democratic Mongolia 1990-

 

Socialist Mongolia 1921-1990

After civil wars in both Russia and China broke out in 1919, the Chinese decided to dissolve Mongolian autonomy. Mongolian resistance groups were fromed including the Mongolian People's Party (MPP). In July 1920, with the support of the Bogd Khan Jibzundamba, this organisation sent representatives to Russia. D. Sukhabaatar, a member of the MPP, carried a petition bearing the Bogd Khan Jibzundamba's stamp hidden inside his riding crop. The Bolsheviks agreed to support Mongolia, and the MPP organised a government and armed forces. The party was led by S. Danzan, and Damdinii Sukhbaatar was the head of the military.

 

 

Seal of Mongolian People's Party

25th of June 1920

Wood

5 x 5 cm

The seal was adopted by the meeting of the Mongolian People Party members on 25 June 1920. It was carved by D. Bodoo from the wodden leg of S. Danzan's table. The Soyombo symbolises the independence and freedom of Mongolia.

 

 

 

 

 

D. Sukhbaatar's Garment, Vest 

1921

Silk, velvet, brass

Garment: 130 x 177 cm

Vest 73cm x 60cm

After liberating Altanbulag, the leaders of the People's Party wore garments similar to this when they arrived at the capital of Niislel (present day Ulaanbaatar). Sukhbaatar's vest is made of silk and decorated with the ulzii - a traditional eternal knot pattern. The museum staff collected the deel from Suhkbaatar's widow, Yanjimaa, in 1927.

 

 

Seal Box of Commander-in-Chief D.Sukhbaatar

This square wooden box was decorated with patterns made of silver. The top of the box is inlaid with coral and turquoise, and it was locked with a Mongolian traditional rock.

 

Typewriter 《Kontinental》    

13.5 x 31.5 x 29..5 cm     

Made in Germany     

This typewriter using traditional Mongolian script was used in Mongolia after 1928. This script remained in official use until the 1950's and resumed after the 1990s, when it was reintroduced to secondary school curricula and state organisations. Education Minister Erdenebatkhaan commissioned this typewriter on a visit to Germany in 1925.

 

 

                                                                                                                

Banknotes

The first banknotes of the People's Government of Mongolia were printed in 1921 at the initiative of S. Danzan, Minister of Finance. One, five, ten, and twenty-five dollar bank-notes were used from 1921 until 1925. Banknotes are inscribed in traditional Mongolian script, with the denomination also noted in English.

 

 

 Home      
|  Prehistory of Mongolia |  Ancient States    
|  Traditional Clothing and Jewelry |  Mongolian Empire |  Traditional Culture of Mongolia |  Traditional Life of Mongolia
|  17-Early 20th Century Mongolia  |  Socialist Mongolia 1921-1900 |  Democratic Mongolia 1990-

     

 Home      
|  Prehistory of Mongolia |  Ancient States    
|  Traditional Clothing and Jewelry |  Mongolian Empire |  Traditional Culture of Mongolia |  Traditional Life of Mongolia
|  17-Early 20th Century Mongolia  |  Socialist Mongolia 1921-1900 |  Democratic Mongolia 1990-

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