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28 October 2016
National Museum of Mongolia - Mongolian Traditional Life
|  Prehistory of Mongolia |  Ancient States    
|  Traditional Clothing and Jewelry |  Mongolian Empire |  Traditional Culture of Mongolia |  Traditional Life of Mongolia
|  17-Early 20th Century Mongolia  |  Socialist Mongolia 1921-1900 |  Democratic Mongolia 1990-  


Mongolian Traditional Life

Mongolian nomadic culture is a truly distinctive way of life. Since ancient times, the environemtn and climate of Mongolia has been well-suited for nomadic animal husbandry and hunting. However Mongolians also made use of native flora, carried out land cultivation, engaged in fishing, and developed specific handicrafts.







Two Mongolian Drinking Cups

Silver vessel with dragon and horn patterns

19/20th Century

Silver, wood, gilded silver





Im Tamga - Branding Iron for domestic animals

Since ancient times, Mongols have raised and herded animals. Even today, each family has its own unique brand indicating ownership. As no two brands are the same, the number of brand designs could number in thousands. The brand is put on the thighs of the rear legs of one-to-two year old horses. Mongols respect their brand highly, as it is a symbol of strenght and property. The stamp is always placed in khoimor, in the honoured area of the ger, where it is wrapped in a blue ceremonial scarf called a khadag.
















Wood, bone,iron, silver, leather, hair 

41 x 80cm

Middle of the 20th Century                                                      

     See related VCM Masterpiece

      1. saddle XV-XVII / Mongolian Military Museum 



Mongolian Ger

Painted wood, felt, skin, wool and hair rope

First half of the 20th century

The ger(yurt/felt ten) is the traditional house of Mongolians. There are two general types, Turkic and Mongolian. The Mongolian ger is the dwelling style of most Mongolian people, including the Mongolians of northern China and the Mongolians of Lake Baikal in Russia, who moved there in ancient times. The size of a ger depneds on the number of wall sections. Beofre the 20th century. Mongolian gers generally had four wall sections. Birch and willow wood is used for the frame and the covers are made from felt.

The ger exhibited here was made in the 1940s and has five wall sections. The wood is painted a brown-red colour, with the outside of the door covered in decorative patterns. The door of a ger is always positioned to face the south. Inside the ger, a stove is situated in the centre, and the north side boasts a pair of chests with religious ritual items. A bed sits on the north-eastern side. The eastern portion of the ger is meant for kitchen utilities, while the western part holds horse-riding equipment such as saddles and bridles. A bag for airag, fermented mare's milk also hangs on the walls.


Cart and Harness

Felt, skin and iron

77 x82 cm

20th Century


|  Prehistory of Mongolia |  Ancient States    
|  Traditional Clothing and Jewelry |  Mongolian Empire |  Traditional Culture of Mongolia |  Traditional Life of Mongolia
|  17-Early 20th Century Mongolia  |  Socialist Mongolia 1921-1900 |  Democratic Mongolia 1990-  



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