VIRTUAL COLLECTION OF ASIAN MASTERPIECES

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13Story

28 October 2016
National Museum of Mongolia - Traditional Clothing and Jewelry
 Home      
|  Prehistory of Mongolia |  Ancient States    
|  Traditional Clothing and Jewelry |  Mongolian Empire |  Traditional Culture of Mongolia |  Traditional Life of Mongolia
|  17-Early 20th Century Mongolia  |  Socialist Mongolia 1921-1900 |  Democratic Mongolia 1990-  

 

Traditional Clothing and Jewelry

There are over 20 ethnic groups in Mongolia. Each group has its own traditional clothing and ornaments, reflecting their culture and traditions. Mongolian clothing and jewelry reflect the natural environment, history and cutoms of the groups, as well as the racial relationships, age, and gender of the person wearing them. Mongolian clothing originated and evolved from the ancient Hunnu state.

Mongolian clothing is known from historical research and archaeological discoveries. Most Mongolians wear a del with buttons on the right, and a high collar, the latter being an influence from the Manchu Chinese, The top section of the del slants across the chest; the lowever portion is rather loose. Traditionally; dels had long sleeves ending in wide cuffs.

In recent times some Mongolians have adopted European clothes and some small changes have occurred in traditional dress.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Knife Set

19th-20th century

Gilt silver, steel, pearl, bone, jade, leather & wood

 
     See related VCM Masterpieces

      1. Personal set for a man / Fine Arts Museum of Zanabazar

      2. Noble man's boot / Mongolian Statehood History Museum

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Khalkh 

A married woman's headdress

Silver, semiprecious stones

     See related VCM Masterpieces

      1. Chalch Woman's Headdress and collier / Museum of Ethnology, Hambgur

      2. Halh Married Woman's Outfit / National Museum of Mongolia

      3. Woman's Headdress - tolgoi poolt / Asia Pacific Museum

      4. Wedding Headdress / World Jewellery Museum 

      5. Mother of Queen Dondogdulam with Children / National Museum of Mongolia

 

 

 

Hawk Hat

13th-14th Century

Silk

22x34x42cm

Tavan tolgoi, Ongon, Sukhbaatar

Since early times Mongolians have called this a 'hawk hat' because its design looks like a hawk. It was described popularly in stone portraits and vintage book pictures as having a rounded top and long headbands that fasten into the broad back section. 

     See related VCM Masterpiece

      1. Mongolian Noble Man's Hat / Mongolian Statehood History Museum 

 

 

Medieval-period Mongolian aristocrat's ceremonial deel

12-14th Century

Medieval Mongolian clothing is known from historical research and archaeological discoveries. Clothing of this period shares a common style, with several subtypes indicating the wearer's social status and rank. Noblemen wore a deel with a slanting collar, narrow sleeves, and wide skirt. This skirt exhibits detailed cord-edged applique work. The waist is pleated, with ribbon trim. The skirt was fastened with two ties, located on the right hip and high on the left side. In contrast, the women's deel had a flap running from left to right, with wide sleeves, a narrow wrist, broad arms at the shoulder, and a long, wide skirt. Women's hats, known as bogtag, had a high top stiiched with bird feathers and decorated with gold, precious stones, pearls, and unique silks. In recent years, Medieval-era clothing has been recovered from cave burials and tombs at archaeological sites across Mongolia.

     See related VCM Masterpieces

      1. Deel XVi-XVII / Mongolian Military Museum 

 

 Home      
|  Prehistory of Mongolia |  Ancient States    
|  Traditional Clothing and Jewelry |  Mongolian Empire |  Traditional Culture of Mongolia |  Traditional Life of Mongolia
|  17-Early 20th Century Mongolia  |  Socialist Mongolia 1921-1900 |  Democratic Mongolia 1990-  

 

 

 

 

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