VIRTUAL COLLECTION OF ASIAN MASTERPIECES

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Musical Instrument sarinda
7878 II
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Why this is a
Masterpiece

This instrument known among among the Baluch, Pushtu and Punjab peoples, is rather uncommon for traditional folk bands nowadays. The master modified the form of this sarinda almost beyond recognition. Only its principal design was left unchanged. The body is divided into two sounding-boards. The lower made of large round gourd, is caught in the belly from lambskin, while the upper which is wooden is open. Apparently this sarinda with a fingerboard in the shape of crane’s head, unusual delineation and rich inlay with camel bone and copper belonged to a professional musician and was used to entertain not a few distinguished assemblies.

History of the Object

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Type
Musical instruments 
Materials
Wood, gourd, leather, bone, inlay, metal strings, horsehair. 
Measurements
96,6х25 cm 
Creator name
 
Creator date
 
Where it was made
Afghanistan 
Geography
Afghanistan 
Time period
AD 19th century ~ AD 19th century 
Creation date
 
Function
According to the legend the stringed bow-instrument called sarinda was invented by Arjan, the Fifth Guru of the Sikhs, on the basis of Indian instrument sarangi to accompany religious hymns. Sarinda has a modest form, a deeper sound because of enlarged body and fewer resonating strings. Melody is played on four strings extended over the bone bridge to the pegs on the head of the fingerboard. Other four strings are placed below the melodic ones. They are fixed on a wooden plate with carved birds heads , on the side of the fingerboard. These drone strings produced vibration background sound typical for Afghan music. A musician played the instrument sitting with his legs crossed and holding it in upright position with wooden stick of a bow.  
Acquisition
 
Copyright
The State Museum of Oriental Art 
Acknowledgements
 
Owner
The State Museum of Oriental Art 
Museum
The State Museum of Oriental Art 
Credit line
 

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