VIRTUAL COLLECTION OF ASIAN MASTERPIECES

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Umayyad Gold Dinar
CUM 1869
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Why this is a
Masterpiece

The famous' year 77' dinar, issued by the caliph' Abd al-Malik bin Marwan, that is issued gold dinars from Damascus(the capital of the Umayyad Caliphate from 661to750 presently Syria) is generally considered to be the first purely Islamic Coin. The gold diner in the prossession of CU Museum is provably one of them because it was issued in Hijiri 77/AD 696 by the Umayyad Caliph Abdul Malik bin Marwan.Who were the ninth caliph and ruler of the faithful who died in AD 705. It bears a special significance and it is only Umayyad Gold Dinar found in Bangladesh. It is showing text adapted from the holy Qur'an. The obverse and reverse of the coin are inscribed in early Kufic characters. Obv. In Centre : A part of the Kalimah-I Shahadat : Translation in English : “There is no other god but Allah and he is singular; that he has no other partner”. On the margin: Within an embossed circle, A verse from holy Qur’an, Sura 61: As-Saf, Verse: 9 Translation in English : “Muhammad is the messenger (Prophet) of Allah, whom He has sent with guidance and the religion of truth (Islamic Monotheism) to manifest it over all religion”. Rev. In Centre : A part of Sura 112: Al-Ikhlas: Translation in English: “He is God, the One and Only; God, the Eternal, Absolute; He begetteth not, nor is He begotten”. On the margin: Within an embossed circle inscribed the issue date. Translation in English: “In the name of Allah this Dinnar is issued in Hijri Seventy Seven”.

History of the Object
On 2 November 1996 the Chittagong University Museum acquired two gold coins from a dealer who said that these two coins were part of a hoard found in Hajiganj of Chandpur district of Bangladesh. Umayyad Gold Dinar is one of the two coins. Hence a question arise how these coins reached at this place? The find-spot of the hoard Hajiganj is a place located near the commercially important river port (Chandpur) of the mediaeval period and situated on the river Dakatia, a tributary of Meghna River. This place intensely connected with the archaeological site Mainamati, Comilla and the seaport of Chittagong (old name Samandar). Muslim traders reached up to China on the east both by sea and land by the seventh century AD and the present day Bay of Bengal was known to them as the Sea of Harkandh. Arab Muslims were visiting its port Samandar (Chittagong) for commerce and trade long before the Muslims politically subjugated Bengal. It is also said that some Sufi saints and Arab geographers come at this region during the 7th and 8th century.

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Type
Coins and medals 
Materials
Metal : Gold 
Measurements
Shape : Round;Size : Mean radius : 0.95cm;Thickness: 0.095cm;Weignt : 4.3gms(including hook) 
Creator name
Unknown 
Creator date
Unknown 
Where it was made
Probably from Damascus 
Geography
Syria 
Time period
- BCE 
Creation date
Hijri 77/AD 696 
Function
Currency 
Acquisition
On 2 November 1996 the CU Museum acquired two gold coins from a dealer, Umayyad Gold Dinar is one of them. 
Copyright
Chittagong University Museum 
Acknowledgements
Chittagong University Museum 
Owner
Chittagong University Museum 
Museum
Chittagong University Museum 
Credit line
Chittagong University Museum 

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