VIRTUAL COLLECTION OF ASIAN MASTERPIECES

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Cannon of Shah Jahan
CUM 20
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Why this is a
Masterpiece

Cannon SAR JANG (head of the war) of Shah Jahan is unique and important brass/bronze cannon in South Asia preserved at the CU Museum. This cannon’s muzzle face bears an excellent engraved design with befitting ornamentation. There are three embossed inscriptions in nastaliq on the body of the gun in Persian. From the three inscriptions on the first noted cannon, one may conclude that it belonged to Shah Jahan (Mughal emperor of India from AD 1628-1658) and was built by Muhammad Hussain Izzat in AH 1066, under the supervision of Barqandaz Khan. At the center top of the cannon nicely sculpted two small dragons like handle.

History of the Object
Though the Chittagong University Museum was officially opened on 14 June 1973, its founding process actually began on 26 November 1966, also the day in which CU started its journey. 24 objects of antiquity were displayed to mark the university’s inauguration. Mr. Mumtaz Hasan, president of the Museum Association of Pakistan and then Managing Director of the National Bank of Pakistan, donated those items to the university. Cannon SAR JANG (head of the war) of Shah Jahan is one of the exhibits of them. This beautifully decorated piece of Mughal (AD 1526-1857) artillery, one of the groups of four cannons purchased in 1966 by the then National Bank of Pakistan from late Mrs. Karimunnesa Begum of Rahamatgonj, Chittagong, a lineal descendant of Adhu Khan Hazari, a Mughal Officer posted at Chittagong.

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Type
Weaponry 
Materials
Bronze 
Measurements
 
Creator name
Muhammad Hussain Izzat 
Creator date
Unknown 
Where it was made
Unknown 
Geography
Unknown 
Time period
AD 16th century ~ AD 17th century 
Creation date
1656 AD/1066 AH 
Function
Warfare 
Acquisition
Donated by (earstwhile) National Bank of Pakistan 
Copyright
Chittagong University Museum 
Acknowledgements
Chittagong University Museum 
Owner
Chittagong University Museum 
Museum
Chittagong University Museum 
Credit line
Chittagong University Museum 

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