VIRTUAL COLLECTION OF ASIAN MASTERPIECES

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Kimono with a pair of peacocks
12503 I
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Why this is a
Masterpiece

Over the white cream-toned fabric of the Museum’s kimono two peacocks with large trains are arranged diagonally. Shaws of bamboo and bracken, interposed with lotus and chrysanthemum flowers, surround them. Stylized design, complex juxtaposition of decorative fragments, exquisite colour gamma of golden beige, azure, and pink, splendor of golden threads, all these imparts the kimono with dazzling gorgeousness and grandeur.

History of the Object
In Japanese the national dress is called kimono, which is a combination of two words – kiru, or “to wear”, and mono, or “a thing”. That is a loose straight robe, wrap over the chest to the right side, having a small collar and square sleeves, but no clasps or pockets. There are several types of kimono, such as men’s and women’s, upper and lower, for home wear. Kimono is sewed from standard pieces of cloth; therefore all of them are of approximately same size. Upper garment is held down by obi girdle, which is worn by women above the waist and tied into bowknot. The dress of this type appeared as early as the 15th century, and in the 17th centuries all of its modifications got a common designation of “kimono”. Kimono was a universal dress for all social strata. However, state dress and girdle, sewn from expensive silk and hand-painted were worth a small fortune and thus accessible for few. The Japanese could wear an upper garment bought in her green years till her demise, as tucking the odds up under the girdle controlled its length. A family carefully preserved precious attires, so woman’s wardrobe would include garments inherited from her mother and grandmother. Young single women wore kimono of furisode type, with long sleeves and design covering the surface of the kimono almost entirely.

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Type
Costume and Jewelry 
Materials
Silk, juden handmade painting, embroidery. 
Measurements
L. 163 cm, w. 140 cm. 
Creator name
 
Creator date
 
Where it was made
Japan 
Geography
Japan 
Time period
AD 20th century ~ AD 20th century 
Creation date
1957 
Function
 
Acquisition
 
Copyright
The State Museum of Oriental Art, Moscow 
Acknowledgements
 
Owner
The State Museum of Oriental Art, Moscow 
Museum
The State Museum of Oriental Art 
Credit line
The State Museum of Oriental Art, Moscow 

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