VIRTUAL COLLECTION OF ASIAN MASTERPIECES

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Bowl
71 II
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History of the Object
The advance of ceramics in mediaeval Iran made possible the creation of splendid painted faience ware, in particular, fine pottery of elegant outline, covered with wiredrawn painting. The technique of overglaze poly-chromatic painting (half rang) with fusible enamel paints, called minai (Pers. “enamel, enameled”), which utilized not only the options of painting, but also that of the colour, emerged in Iran, where if existed for the short period of time from the 12th to the 14th centuries. The paints were applied to opaque tin glaze, the contour of the drawing was outlined with black colour forming so called “dead border”, so that pigments did not spread out. To create polychrome patterns a multistage technology with double firing was required. Bright colours of pure tones, complex compositions with a subject matter of the vessels are akin to miniature painting. Noteworthy, that such faience ware sometimes bear the scenes from “Shah-namah”, being the earliest illustrations of Persian epos. Fine bowl from the Museum’s collection is decorated with the painting of court scene. The painting is made in seven keys. An august person on a throne is placed in the centre, while standing and sitting countries occupy the walls. Dressed in coloured ornamental attire, they are stationed amidst the landscape presented in summary way, formed by flowering bines, birds, and round pond. The employment of epigraphic design is also characteristic. In accordance with the traditions in angular, rectilinear kufic script on the interior of bowl’s rim, and inscriptions in naskh script with its nonrectilinear outline of letters on the outside walls.

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Type
Ceramics 
Materials
Faience, painting in minai technique 
Measurements
H. 6 cm, dia. 15,5 cm 
Creator name
 
Creator date
 
Where it was made
Iran 
Geography
Iran 
Time period
AD 12th century ~ AD 13th century 
Creation date
Late 12th – early 13th centuries 
Function
 
Acquisition
 
Copyright
The State Museum of Oriental Art, Moscow 
Acknowledgements
 
Owner
The State Museum of Oriental Art, Moscow 
Museum
The State Museum of Oriental Art 
Credit line
 

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