VIRTUAL COLLECTION OF ASIAN MASTERPIECES

Add to Favorites

Add to Favorites
Your web browser does not support
Add to Favorites.

Please add the site using your bookmark menu.
The function is available only on Internet Explorer
search a masterpiece

Gorde khiyava tunic
6251 III
Download print email facebook twitter me2day

Why this is a
Masterpiece

Sorry.
There is no contents.

History of the Object
Gorde khiyava, a long ornate tunic, served as festive attire to women of highland Dagestan, such as the Avars, the Dargins, the Laks. These tunics were sewn from red silk and worn together with trousers, embroidered in gold, their flaps discernable when in motion. The tunics were adorned with multiple silver gallons, which hid the fabric almost entirely. These elements were not mere decorations, but performed a protective function. Thus, a common amulet was a plaque in the shape of female palm, so called “Fatima’s hand” (Fatima was the daughter of prophet Muhammad). This symbol is very popular all over the Islamic East and is employed extensively in design of miscellaneous goods, ranging from household utensils to ornaments. Pre-Islamic beliefs of Dagestan peoples can be traced also in the decoration of gorde khiyava, which is evidenced by cast galloons depicting animals and birds. These were arranged according to a certain traditional pattern. Gallons were fixed regularly to the right and left sides of the dress, thus forming the pairs and descending in rows down to the hemline. Gussets, usually of yellow colour, were also considered a sort of protection. Small triangular cases with pendants, made of coins, were sewn to these gussets. Their purpose was to hold the paper, on which a protective prayer against evil eye was inscribed. The dress from the Museum’s collection is also adorned with amulets. Gorde khiyava tunics were also used as a wedding gown. As such, they were worn for three days in certain regions of Dagestan, while in the others they were employed until the first child was born. One of the travelers in the 19th century even remarked, that Avarian bride “from her crown down to the hemline was a mere fancy silver, ringing and waggling in motion”.

Map Of Museums

See the Google map
Type
Costume and Jewelry 
Materials
Silk, hand weaving, coins, silver plaques, engraving, niello. 
Measurements
L. 102 cm 
Creator name
 
Creator date
 
Where it was made
Dagestan 
Geography
Dagestan 
Time period
AD 20th century ~ AD 20th century 
Creation date
Early 20th century 
Function
Gorde khiyava, a long ornate tunic, served as festive attire to women of highland Dagestan, such as the Avars, the Dargins, the Laks.  
Acquisition
 
Copyright
The State Museum of Oriental Art 
Acknowledgements
 
Owner
The State Museum of Oriental Art 
Museum
The State Museum of Oriental Art 
Credit line
 

Other
Masterpieces

SEE ALL MASTERPIECES
OF THIS MUSEUM

Show original language

This is your
favorite
Masterpiece ?

Add  your reaction  now !

BACK TO LIST

Thank you

Thank you for your reaction!
Your reaction has been sent successfully. OK
팝업창 닫기

E-mail to a Friend now!

E-mail to a Friend now!

Thank you

Mail has been sent successfully. OK
팝업창 닫기