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Nataraja
Acc. No. 56.2/1
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Why this is a
Masterpiece

Nataraja - Shiva as the Lord of the dance persomfied in terms of motion and vibration who is 108 varied dance movements interprets the mathermatical law of the universe. The figure still pleasing and graceful, knees caps quite prominent. Jewellery more abundant but delicate. Necklace longer but not falling cover chest or between breasts. Necklace often with mango shaped ornaments. Ear-ring long and falling on neck.

History of the Object
Nataraja, the Lord of Dance, represents the essentail aspects of Shiva; creation, preservation, destruction, and grace. The dance he performs is the dance of bliss or ananda tandava. In this object, Nataraja has four arms; the rear right hand carries the damaru or drum, symbolic of the primeval sound of creation and the left holds a flame of fire, symbol of destruction. The front right hand is in abhaya-mudra symbolizing protection and the rear left arm crosses his chest to the right and the fingers point to his feet, where Shiva tramples the dwarf demon Apasmarapurush. The left leg is raised diagonally with the foot in air, denoting the path of salvation. The image of Shiva is encircled by a prabhamandala, like a circle of light. The matted locks of Shiva are adorned with the figure of river goddess Ganga, snake jewels, flowers, a crescent moon and a human skull.

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Type
Sculpture 
Materials
Bronze 
Measurements
96 x 82.8 x 28.2 cm 
Creator name
Unknown 
Creator date
Unknown 
Where it was made
South India 
Geography
India 
Time period
AD 12th century ~ AD 12th century 
Creation date
12 th Century CE 
Function
Hinduism Ritual  
Acquisition
Purchased from Shri.S.V.Ramamurthy,34, Western Court, New Delhi.  
Copyright
National Museum,New Delhi  
Acknowledgements
National Museum,New Delhi  
Owner
National Museum,New Delhi 
Museum
National Museum-New Delhi 
Credit line
National Museum,New Delhi  

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