VIRTUAL COLLECTION OF ASIAN MASTERPIECES

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Woman's wedding longpao dress
MNK VI-7517
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Why this is a
Masterpiece

The wedding longpao for a woman of Manchu nationality is modelled on men's court and official garments, though the colour of its background is different. In China, red was one of the five fundamental symbolic colors, wich also included white, green-blue, yellow and black. Each of them referred to the Five Elements which create the universe as well as to the cardinal directions and seasons. Red symbolised the fire, pointed to the south and simultaneously epitomised the summer. Above all, however, it expressed happiness and prosperity. According to tradition, red robes were worn while celebrating the most important private events such as weddings, birth of a child or birthdays. The festive nature of the presented longpao is also emphasized by the embriodered motifs of cranes and bats.

History of the Object
In 1909, Otto Kowarski donated his brother Ferdinand's collection to the National Museum in Crakow. Ferdinand had held the post of architect at the Austrian-Hungarian Embassy in Beijing. The other part was obtained from his wife, Celina Kowarska, in 1927. An assortment of fabrics and garments, 66 exhibits in total, is a significant grouping among the 295 arts and crafts objects donated.

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Type
Textile 
Materials
Silk, golden thread, embroidery 
Measurements
 
Creator name
 
Creator date
 
Where it was made
China 
Geography
China 
Time period
AD 19th century ~ AD 20th century 
Creation date
Qing Dynasty 19th-20th century 
Function
clothing 
Acquisition
Acquired from the collection of Otton and Celina Kowarski, 1927 
Copyright
The National Museum in Krakow 
Acknowledgements
Beata Pacana Curator Far Eastern Art Department The National Museum in Krakow  
Owner
The National Museum in Krakow 
Museum
The National Museum in Krakow 
Credit line
 
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