VIRTUAL COLLECTION OF ASIAN MASTERPIECES

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Inscriptions on the Inner Walls of 'Juyongguan' (reproduction)
H0009539
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Why this is a
Masterpiece

Chosen and explained by Tadao UMESAO "An Entryway to the Civilizations of Central Asia". The archway of the Juyongguan Guojieta (Crossroads Tower) serves as a place of prayer for the safety of travelers. The inside walls of the archway are covered with Dharani Sutra, written in six scripts including the Tangut script used in Central Asia at that time, together with beautiful relief engravings depicting Buddha. Later these inscriptions of the six scripts were replicated in the language gallery at Minpaku. The visit was a memorable early experience for a researcher like me pursuing the comparative study of civilizations.

History of the Object
In May 1944, I headed to Zhangjiakou from Beijing by train to take up a new post at the North-West Research Center. Soon after leaving Beijing and passing Nankou, I found the Juyongguan Guojieta (Crossroads Tower) on my left. The large marble archway was built in 14th century.

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Type
Inscription stones 
Materials
reproduced by metal 
Measurements
Width 636 cm. Height 249 cm.  
Creator name
Chinese 
Creator date
Unknown 
Where it was made
Beijing 
Geography
China 
Time period
AD 14th century ~ AD 14th century 
Creation date
14th Century 
Function
inscription 
Acquisition
reproduced in 1977 
Copyright
 
Acknowledgements
 
Owner
National Museum of Ethnology, Japan (Minpaku) 
Museum
National Museum of Ethnology 
Credit line
 

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