VIRTUAL COLLECTION OF ASIAN MASTERPIECES

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A bowl
SKAZsz 2733
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Why this is a
Masterpiece

This bowl is very characteristic in many aspects to Yaozhou kiln from the Northern Song Dynasty when the production of celadon artifacts reached its heights: transparent colour of enamel with noticeable air bubbles (transparent, bubbled glaze), straight footing and carved dense floral pattern filling all the surface. What makes the bowl distinguishable is the fact that decorative motives - peony twigs and flowers made in deep, multi-layered relief - embellish the outer surface (facet) of the vessel. What is commonly encountered is an ornament placed inside celadon bowls. In the case of the discussed bowl, there are six vertical angoba stripes running from the brim to the girdle encircling the bottom. Its an example of very interesting and unusual Chinese early celadon artwork.

History of the Object
Before World War II, Roman Kutyłowski (1895-?) was deputy director of a shipping company called GAL (Gdynia America Line), which was founded in 1930. The company was engaged in transporting passengers, mail and other goods by sea to, among other places, the United States of America. It ceased to exist in 1950 and all its belongings were taken over by a newly created company called Polish Oceanic Lines. During the war Roman Kutyłowski was director of GAL's operations in New York. Probably at that time he purchased the celadon which was presented by him as a gift to the Museum in 1950. He also donated other examples of Chinese ceramics (two years before he gave different parts of Chinese garment).

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Type
Decorative Art 
Materials
Protoporcelain, celadon enamel, slip (angoba) 
Measurements
Width diameter 11,3 cm Height 6,2 cm  
Creator name
unknown 
Creator date
unknown 
Where it was made
China; most probably in Yaozhou, Shaanxi 
Geography
China 
Time period
AD 13th century ~ AD 13th century 
Creation date
13th Century; The last period under Northern Song Dynasty 
Function
Decorative artwork 
Acquisition
A gift from Roman Kutyłowski in 1950. 
Copyright
 
Acknowledgements
 
Owner
National Museum in Warsaw, state property 
Museum
Virtual Museum of the Chinese masterpieces 
Credit line
 

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