VIRTUAL COLLECTION OF ASIAN MASTERPIECES

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Pear-shaped bottle
1977-2156 MNAOR
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Why this is a
Masterpiece

The most notable characteristics of this bottle is its fine decoration painted in white, red and black with gold leafing on a blue background (lajvard in Persian, ‘lapis lazuli’). It consists of tiny stylized spiral motifs, large gold-leaf polylobed medallions and geometric decoration.

History of the Object
Lajvardina works, whose decoration is mostly non-figurative and characterized by floral calligraphy and geometric elements, has been dated by the famous treatise of the techniques of Islamic ceramicists written by Abûl Qâsim of Kashan in 1301. By that time, the mina’i ceramic technique was no longer in use with Kashan ceramicists appearing to prefer the lajvardina technique. Production of these ceramics must therefore have started before 1301 as suggested by archaeological finds at Takht-i Sulayman in northwest Persia from the excavations recently carried out in the Palace of Abaqa Khan (1265–81 C.E.).

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Type
Decorative Art 
Materials
Glazed ceramic (lajvardina technique) 
Measurements
Height 35 cm  
Creator name
The craftman is unknown 
Creator date
Unknown 
Where it was made
Iran 
Geography
Iran 
Time period
AD 13th century ~ AD 14th century 
Creation date
13th Century –14th Century; C.E., 7th-8th c. A.H. 
Function
Water container 
Acquisition
Purchased in 1965 by the National Museum of Oriental Art on behalf of the Ministry of Cultural Heritage and Activities 
Copyright
 
Acknowledgements
 
Owner
Giuseppe Tucci National Museum of Oriental Art 
Museum
Giuseppe Tucci National Museum of Oriental Art 
Credit line
 

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