VIRTUAL COLLECTION OF ASIAN MASTERPIECES

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Jongtaek, House of the Eldest Son of a Family
CHM010
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Why this is a
Masterpiece

The Jongga (house of the head family) where Yi Wonik's thirteenth-generation eldest son and his wife, the director of the museum, set up a new home, is one of the typical houses of the upper-classes built in the early 20th century in Gyeonggi-do province. In addition, the house well reveals the elegance of Korean traditional houses. It features moderate beauties expressed by the following: the roof which resembles the backside hills; the gudeul (Korean underfloor heating system), the floors which are designed to be suitable for adapting to the environment of Korea and the ceiling made of wood by assembling wooden materials. All of them are simple, but match well with the surrounding landscape. The Jongga consists of a main building and a main gate building, which together make a large square shaped closed structure, within which the front yard is. The main building is a Sorosujang(a Korean traditional architectural style) house as large as thirteen and a half kans (a unit of building area), and contains a two-kan room, a three-kan main floored room and a two-kan main living room in a row, and, at a right angle to them, a 1.5-kan kitchen and a 1.5-kan floor-heated room. The carpenter’s dexterous skill demonstrated on the roof frame and the junctures of posts enabled the simple elegance and the refined structure of the Jongga.

History of the Object
The inner main building was built in 1917 and the main gate building was built around 1940. On the crossbeam of the main building are words which quite accurately indicate the dates of construction. The words are as follows: 龍 觀感堂建翌年丁巳閏二月六日未時立柱上樑 龜, which means "the column and the pillar were set up at around 3 o' clock in the afternoon on February 6th, in Jeongsa-year (1917), the year following the construction of Gwangamdang". It is designated as cultural asset resource number 90 of Gyeonggido.

Map Of Museums

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Type
Architecture 
Materials
Wood and Masonry Structure 
Measurements
174.97 ㎡ 
Creator name
Unknown 
Creator date
Unknown 
Where it was made
Gwangmyeong, Gyeonggi-do province, Korea 
Geography
Korea 
Time period
AD 20th century ~ AD 20th century 
Creation date
20th Century; early 20th Century 
Function
House  
Acquisition
Inheritance  
Copyright
Chunghyeon Museum  
Acknowledgements
Chunghyeon Museum  
Owner
Chunghyeon Museum  
Museum
Chunghyeon Museum 
Credit line
Chunghyeon Museum  

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