VIRTUAL COLLECTION OF ASIAN MASTERPIECES

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White Globular Vase
6-55 (W171)
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Why this is a
Masterpiece

The exploding globular body of this white jar bears a shape that is strongly identified with wares produced in the 9th century. That part of the glaze has flaked off is evidence that the glaze did not fuse well with the body, probably due to underfiring. White ware came into Southeast Asian markets only during the Song dynasty when silk, porcelain, and lacquer ware were traded in lieu of diminishing copper cash in 1291. White-glazed ceramics have since then been highly prized in China and elsewhere. There are other 9th century white wares from Hebei Province that have been found in the Philippines in small quantities.

History of the Object
The Tang dynasty (618-906 A.D.) saw most of the white ware produced in north China. This 9th century white jar is the earliest piece in the Villanueva collection. It is from the kiln in Gongxian, Henan Province, north China. Because majority of Chinese trade wares found in the Philippines are from kilns in south China, this white jar is a rare find.

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Type
Ceramics 
Materials
Clay, transparent glaze 
Measurements
17 (height) x 18 (diameter) cm 
Creator name
Potters from Gongxian kiln 
Creator date
Unknown 
Where it was made
China; Northern china; Henan Province; Gongxian kiln 
Geography
China 
Time period
AD 9th century ~ AD 9th century 
Creation date
9th Century; Tang dynasty 
Function
Container 
Acquisition
On loan for 25 years from the Roberto T. Villanueva Foundation 
Copyright
This photograph and information pertaining to the artwork pictured herein may be used only once and only for the purpose of the Virtual Collection of Masterpieces (VCM) project. The image may not be cropped or manipulated. Credits (title of artwork, artist, collection/owner, and Ayala Museum) should always be included when publishing this photograph. 
Acknowledgements
References: Gotuaco, Larry, Rita Tan & Allison Diem. Chinese & Vietnamese Blue and White wares found in the Philippines. Bookmark Inc, 1997. Guy, John S. Oriental Trade Ceramics in South East Asia Ninth to Sixteenth Centuries. Singapore: Oxford University Press, 1990. Krahl, Regina. Chinese Ceramics from the Meiyintang Collection. (vols. 1 & 2). United Kingdom: Azimuth Editions Limited, 1994. Williams, C.A.S. Chinese Symbolism and Art Motifs. 4th ed. Singapore: Tuttle Publishing, 1974. 
Owner
Roberto T. Villanueva Foundation 
Museum
Ayala Museum 
Credit line
On long-term loan to Ayala Museum from the Roberto T. Villanueva Foundation, Philippines 

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