VIRTUAL COLLECTION OF ASIAN MASTERPIECES

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Silk Painting with a Lady, Phoenix and Dragon Designs of Warring States Period
hunan21
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Why this is a
Masterpiece

This painting is also called "Silk Painting of Late Zhou Dynasty" or "Silk Painting of Beast, Phoenix and Beauty". Lines drawn in traditional ink and brush style (a kind of Chinese outline drawing) and freehand brushwork (a type of Chinese painting that relies on free strokes and shuns details) give vividness to the lady, dragon and phoenix. The dragon and phoenix are in dynamic movements while the lady is in a static posture, presenting a strong effect of sharp contrast. Therefore, it this painting is paired with "Silk Painting with a Man Riding a Dragon Design of Warring States Period" as two priceless gems of the Pre-Qin Dynasty paintings. It is one of the earliest silk paintings discovered in China and is acclaimed as one of the National Treasures.

History of the Object
In February, 1949, when archeologists were excavating the robbed Tomb of the Chu State during the Warring Sates Period (475 BCE – 221 BCE), they found this silk painting among scattered cultural relics which survived tomb robberies.

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Type
Painting 
Materials
Silk 
Measurements
Width 22.5 cm. Length 31 cm.  
Creator name
Unknown 
Creator date
Unknown 
Where it was made
Hunan Province,China 
Geography
China 
Time period
BCE 5th century ~ BCE 3rd century 
Creation date
BCE; 5th Century BCE - 3rd Century BCE; 475 BCE -221 BCE; late section of Middle Warring States 
Function
Used at funerals. During the funeral procession, the painting was held up in front of the coffin, which was said to bring comfort and calmness to the soul of the deceased. 
Acquisition
In February, 1949, when archeologists were excavating the robbed Tomb of the Chu State during the Warring Sates Period (475 BCE – 221 BCE), they found this silk painting among scattered cultural relics which survived tomb robberies. This object was named Silk Painting with a Lady, Phoenix and Dragon Designs of Warring States Period. Later, it was assigned to the Hunan Provincial Museum by the Hunan Cultural Relics Management Committee. 
Copyright
Hunan Provincial Museum Copyright 
Acknowledgements
 
Owner
Hunan Provincial Museum 
Museum
Hunan Provincial Museum 
Credit line
http://www.hnmuseum.com/hnmuseum/eng 
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