VIRTUAL COLLECTION OF ASIAN MASTERPIECES

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"Shadda"-textile. Textile, so called Shadda, made from two pieces of weaving
62620
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Why this is a
Masterpiece

This Shadda is an excellent example of the caravan-type in almost perfect condition. With its beautiful colours, this fine and superbly done fabric shows a very rich and skillful drawing of the caravan. It is remarkable how the highly stylized motives are diversified and make the piece appear strong and lively yet by no means rigid or crowded, even though lots of little secondary motives fill the field and the border.

History of the Object
Because of the political and social circumstances in the former GDR (East Germany) it is most likely that the piece did not reach eastern parts of Germany later than the 1920s (its trade path from Azerbaijan is unknown). From the beginning of the 1970s applied and fine arts of private property was systematically collected and purchased by state officials in order to sell it abroad for foreign currency. Especially from the late 1980s onwards the authorities obtained private property by expropriation. This textile, as well as other rural and nomadic fabrics, obviously didn't arouse the attention of the officials. In 1981 it was given to Wilhelm Müller (as previously mentioned) for the museum collection in order to save it from the authorities.

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Type
Textile 
Materials
Wool, white cotton, a few metal threads 
Measurements
Width 195 cm. Length 217 cm.  
Creator name
Unknown 
Creator date
Unknown 
Where it was made
East Caucasus, Area of Kuba. 
Geography
Azerbaidjan 
Time period
AD 19th century ~ AD 19th century 
Creation date
19th Century; Last quarter of the 19th century, dated 1310 H. (=1892/93 AD) 
Function
A fabric made for personal needs (maybe bride’s dowry) used as a representative hanging or cover showing a large caravan of camels that stands for wealth and high social rank. 
Acquisition
Made in 1981 by the Dresden painter Wilhelm Müller, who collected 19th century oriental rugs, carpets and flat weaves for the Ethnographic Museum of Dresden from 1979-1986 in the area of Dresden-Leipzig- Berlin. The piece was a gift from a private household in Dresden. 
Copyright
Staatliche Ethnographische Sammlungen Sachsen, Museum für Völkerkunde Dresden (Saxonian State Collections of Ethnography), Germany 
Acknowledgements
 
Owner
Museum für Völkerkunde Dresden 
Museum
Museum of Ethnography, Dresden 
Credit line
Museum für Völkerkunde Dresden, Staatliche Ethnographische Sammlungen Sachsen, Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden 

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