VIRTUAL COLLECTION OF ASIAN MASTERPIECES

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Candelabra Sattaphan
0204
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Why this is a
Masterpiece

When there is a congregation in the temple, Buddhists pay their respect to the three refuges: the Buddha, the Dharma (Teachings), and the Sangha (Monkhood). In demonstration of the three, the Dharma is the most intangible form. The Buddha is represented by the Buddha image, the Sangha, by the monks. Lanna people use the candelabra as a symbol of contemplation between the monks and the Buddha image. The “mountain style”, with seven candleholders, represents the mountains surrounding Mt. Sumeru, which supports the Heaven of Indra where relics of the Lord Buddha were kept. The number 7 also refers to a set of 7 dharmas which directly leads to nirvarna: Bojjhong. This piece is decorated both with faces of Kala who eats everything including itself, and nagas, who, according to legend, protected the Lord Buddha from rain. It is a sacred creature of prosperity.

History of the Object
This sattaphan has graced the altar in the Haw Kham since it was built. Those who have paid their respects to the Phra Pra To have done so through contemplation of this object. Haw Kham is a northern Thai term for royal residence. It was a gift from the people of Chiang Rai as a residence for HRH The Princess Mother. HRH consented to allow the Haw Kham to become the first museum of Lanna art in Chiang Rai. It houses the collection of sacred artifacts.

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Type
Sculpture 
Materials
Wood, lacquer, gold leaf, keo angwa 
Measurements
Width 37 cm. Height 80 cm. Length 67 cm.  
Creator name
Lanna 
Creator date
Unknown 
Where it was made
Thailand; Phrae province 
Geography
Thailand 
Time period
AD 18th century ~ AD 18th century 
Creation date
18th Century 
Function
Religious ritual 
Acquisition
The collection was created in the 1980s. At that time, many artifacts moved out of northern Thailand. The Mae Fah Luang Foundation, wishing to make it possible for northern people to continue a relationship with their material heritage, collected different types of artifacts. The Lanna Kingdom was founded in the 13th century. Its strength rested upon trading networks developed between areas of southern China, northern Laos, northern Burma and northern Thailand. It was annexed by Siam in 1892. 
Copyright
 
Acknowledgements
 
Owner
Mae Fah Luang Foundation 
Museum
Rai Mae Fah Luang Art and Cultural Park 
Credit line
Mae Fah Luang Foundation 

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