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Roof-end Tile with Kalavinka Design
YGM-Z79
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Why this is a
Masterpiece

During the Unified Sillaperiod, more advanced roofing tiles were manufactured, the pattern became more diverse and the technique of expression more elaborate. The detailed decorations with their lifelike expression, make them the most artistic in East Asia. This tile is a representative one among the roof tiles from the Unified Silla. A Kalavinka is an imaginary animal that appears in Buddhist scripts; it is a bird that has a human face and arms and a bird's wings and legs and lives in a Western paradise. It is also named Myoeumjo, which means a bird with a beautiful voice. Here Kalavinka's wings, its voluminous breast, and a flower plant (corolla) are meticulously depicted. The tile also offers a different kind of inspiration by arranging the cloud design in the upper and lower part in a lifelike way. This is an artistic work which allows one to appreciate the boundless artistry and creativity of the tilemakers of the Unified Silla.

History of the Object
The 'Kalavinka' pattern is often seen on the roofing tiles or stone edifices of the Unified Silla period. This tile has been excavated in the Bunhwangsa temple, the Goseongsa temple site, the Cheoneunsa temple site and the Bomunsa temple site of the Gyeongju area which was the capital city. Buddhism grew fast during the Unified Silla period.

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Type
Architecture 
Materials
Earthenware 
Measurements
Diameter 14.0 cm. 
Creator name
Unknown 
Creator date
Unknown 
Where it was made
Bomunsa temple site, Bomun-dong, Gyeongju City, Gyeongsangbuk-do Province, Korea 
Geography
Korea 
Time period
AD 7th century ~ AD 10th century 
Creation date
7th Century - 10th Century; Unified Silla (676 - 935) 
Function
Building materials (Roof Tile) 
Acquisition
In 1964, Isao Iuchi obtained the collection of Ito Shobei, which had been gathered since the 1910s. Composed of Korean roof- end tiles, half of this collection was donated to the National Museum of Korea in 1987 and is currently exhibited in the Museum's Iuchi Isao Room at the Donations Gallery. The other half was utilized as research resource at the Iuchi Ancient Art Research Institute until 2005, when director Changjong Yu obtained it. Now it is preserved at YooGeum Musuem of Roof-end Tiles. 
Copyright
YooGeum Museum of Roof-end Tile 
Acknowledgements
Chang-jong Yoo (Roof-end Tile in East Asia), Seoul: Misul Munhwa, 2009. YooGeum Museum of Roof-end Tile, (Korean Roof-end Tile Collection: 100 Years, 100 Highlights), Seoul: YooGeum Museum of Roof-end Tile, 2008. 
Owner
YooGeum Museum of Roof-end Tile 
Museum
Yoo Geum Museum of Roof-end Tiles 
Credit line
YooGeum Museum of Roof-end Tile 

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