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Silk Tapestry of Three Deities with Qianlong Inscription
Silk Tapestry of Three Deities with Qianlong Inscr
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Why this is a
Masterpiece

The silk tapestry depicts three Chinese deities: Fortune, Wealth, Longevity. They are conversing in a landscape with pine trees, cranes, and deer. Plain, long-and-short, and interlocking stitches are employed. The tapestry was embellished with embroidery to create the illusion of folds in the garment, and the textures of fur and feathers. More than thirty colours of thread were used in the silk tapestry. A four-character inscription by the Qianlong Emperor was woven at the top of the scroll. It reads "Bestowing Blessings and Increasing Life-span" (Xixian zengling). Following is his long rhythmic inscription titled An Ode to Three Deities (Sanxingtu song), a dense compilation of historical allusions that celebrates the three deities and expresses pride in his own longevity. The inscription is dated 1782 when the emperor was already seventy years old. Stamps of eight seals were woven into the tapestry, including "Qianlong Imperially Inscribed" (Qianlong yubi), "The Longevity of Seventy Years" (Guxi tianzi zhibao), "Be as Diligent as Ever "(Youri zizi), "Precise Authentication Seal of the Room of Three Rarities" (Sanxitang jingjianxi), and "For the Benefit of Later Generations"(Yi zisun).

History of the Object
Imperial Collection of the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911)

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Type
Textile 
Materials
Kesi silk tapestry 
Measurements
height: 412 cm, width: 135 cm 
Creator name
Unknown 
Creator date
Unknown 
Where it was made
China 
Geography
China 
Time period
AD 18th century ~ AD 18th century 
Creation date
18th Century; Qianlong reign (1736-1795), Qing dynasty (1644-1911) 
Function
Hanging scroll 
Acquisition
Collection of the Imperial Palace 
Copyright
 
Acknowledgements
 
Owner
Palace Museum, Beijing 
Museum
The Palace Museum 
Credit line
Palace Museum, Beijing 

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