VIRTUAL COLLECTION OF ASIAN MASTERPIECES

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Buddha
SN31
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Why this is a
Masterpiece

Eventhough this standing Buddha statue was created in the early Unified Silla, it still shows some resonances of Buddha statues from Three Kingdoms Period. The seated Amitbha Buddha found together with this Buddha was created in 706 and is more realistic than the standing one. This change of style proves the evolution of sculpting technique within a 10-year period. This masterpiece is designated as Korean National Treasure No. 80.

History of the Object
A gilt-bronze sarira casket inscribed with "the 2nd year of Sinryong, 706" was found during the dismantling and restoration of the three-story stone pagoda at the monastic site of Hwangboksa Temple in Guhwang-dong, Gyeong-ju in 1942. Inside the casket were two Buddha statues made of pure gold, reliquaries, gilt-bronze and silver mounted dishes and glass beads. The seated Amitabha is presumed to be enshrined in 706, the same date as the year inscribed on the lid of the casket. The standing Buddha is assumed to be enshrined earlier than the Amitabha at the time of the establishment of the pagoda in 692.

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Type
Decorative Art 
Materials
Gold 
Measurements
Height 14cm  
Creator name
unknown 
Creator date
unknown 
Where it was made
Gyeongju, Gyeongsangbuk-do province, Korea 
Geography
Korea 
Time period
AD 7th century ~ AD 7th century 
Creation date
7 th Century; before 692; Unified Silla 
Function
Buddhist Ritual 
Acquisition
Excavated in 1942 
Copyright
National Museum of Korea 
Acknowledgements
National Museum of Korea, National Museum of Korea 100 Highlights, ahn graphics, Seoul, 2006 
Owner
National Museum of Korea 
Museum
National Museum of Korea 
Credit line
National Museum of Korea 

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