VIRTUAL COLLECTION OF ASIAN MASTERPIECES

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Black Lacquer Coffin with Painted Design
hunan05
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Why this is a
Masterpiece

1. The set of coffins to which this black coffin belongs to, is crowned as a National Treasure. According to the historical books, an emperor is privileged to be buried with five coffins and two outer coffins; a feudal lord with four coffins and one outer coffin or three coffins and two outer coffins; a senior official with two coffins and one outer coffin. This treasure proves that Xin Zhui, the tomb occupant of Mawangdui Tomb No.1, enjoyed the privilege of being a feudal lord and at the same time it provides physical evidence for the funeral social systems of the Han Dynasty. 2. Influenced by the Chu culture, the people of the Han Dynasty were fond of gods and immortals patterns. By adding to these patterns over one hundred animals and divine birds, a new pattern called “flowing clouds with divine animals” was created to form a pattern with the connotations of auspiciousness and exorcising demons, which became the main pattern in the early Han Dynasty. These beautiful and mystical patterns, flowing like waters and drifting like clouds, reflected romantic ideas in people’s minds.

History of the Object
Unearthed from Han Tomb No.1 at Mawangdui in 1972.

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Type
Decorative Art 
Materials
lacquer 
Measurements
Width 118 cm. Height 114 cm. Length 256 cm.  
Creator name
Unknown 
Creator date
Unknown 
Where it was made
Hunan Province,China 
Geography
China 
Time period
BCE 3rd century ~ BCE 2nd century 
Creation date
BCE; 3rd Century BCE - 2nd Century BCE; 202 BCE - 168 BCE 
Function
Funeral object, the second layer of a set of coffins in four layers. 
Acquisition
Unearthed from Han Tomb No.1 at Mawangdui in 1972 and collected by the Hunan Provincial Museum after that. 
Copyright
Hunan Provincial Museum Copyright 
Acknowledgements
 
Owner
Hunan Provincial Museum 
Museum
Hunan Provincial Museum 
Credit line
http://www.hnmuseum.com/hnmuseum/eng 
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