VIRTUAL COLLECTION OF ASIAN MASTERPIECES

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Buddha head
50.027
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Why this is a
Masterpiece

The Apollon-like features combined with the half-closed eyes, and the peace and radiant wisdom of the Buddha in meditation, make this fragment a masterpiece.

History of the Object
On the crossroads of ancient Gandhara, the stylistic trends of Hellenism and the Buddhist religion of India met and merged in a unique art. On a large territory shared by Pakistan, Afganisthan and Northwest India today, many monastic complexes, including stupas and living quarters for monks (viharas) were established. Within these precincts, not only individual sculptures of the Buddha and Bodhisattva were erected but stupas and buildings were lavishly adorned with sculptural decoration: reliefs and friezes. Many extant pieces and fragments of this rich output of more than half a millennium from the 1st to the 6th century A.D. found their way into private and museum collections in Asia and in the west after the rediscovery of Gandharan art in the 19th century.

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Type
Sculpture 
Materials
Grey Himalayan schist 
Measurements
Height 22 cm  
Creator name
Unknown 
Creator date
Unknown 
Where it was made
Pakistan; Gandhara 
Geography
Pakistan 
Time period
AD 2nd century ~ AD 3rd century 
Creation date
2nd Century –3rd Century 
Function
Fragment of a stupa decoration. 
Acquisition
Donated by Imre Schwaiger in 1939. Schwaiger (1868–1940) was, in his age, a well-known collector and dealer of art. He was based in London and Delhi between the two World Wars. He was among the first to collect Nepalese art and organized the first exhibition of Nepalese bronzes in Calcutta in 1912. Many important pieces of the Victoria and Albert Museum, particularly of its Mughal collection, but also Gandhara art, came from him. He made generous donations to the Ferenc Hopp Museum of Eastern Asiatic Arts whose first director, Zoltán Felvinczi Takács with whom he had very good relations. Schwaiger is deservedly regarded as the 'second founder' of the museum: the Indian Collection was actually established by his donations. Schwaiger donated sculptural pieces, terracottas, small bronzes, miniature paintings and many miscellaneous items to the Indian Collection. The majority of the Gandhara collection of the museum come from him. 
Copyright
No information, data or images may be published or reproduced without written permission of the Ferenc Hopp Museum of Eastern Asiatic Arts, Budapest. 
Acknowledgements
 
Owner
Hungarian State; property management by the Museum of Applied Arts, Budapest; in the Collection of the Ferenc Hopp Museum of Eastern Asiatic Arts, Budapest. 
Museum
Ferenc Hopp Museum of Eastern Asiatic Arts 
Credit line
Description by Zsuzsanna Renner, Indologist, Director, Museum of Applied Arts, Budapest 

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  • Hong448 weeks ago

    Beyond words

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