VIRTUAL COLLECTION OF ASIAN MASTERPIECES

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Buddha
RMV 2207-3
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Why this is a
Masterpiece

The Buddha can be recognised by typical features such as the ushnisha - a bulge above the head - and the urna - a round spot on the forehead. The folds of the Buddha's cloak resemble those of the robes in Greek and Roman statues. The fine-cut face bears a meditative expression. A remarkable leaf motif and the capital of a Corinthian pillar decorate the pedestal.

History of the Object
According to the former owner of this statue, it was found close to the city of Jalalabad, in present-day Afghanistan, which once formed part of the province of Gandhara. Between the first and fourth centuries A.D. Gandhara, situated in the north-west of ancient India (now a part of modern Pakistan and Afghanistan), was a major centre for Buddhist art. It was also a centre of trade with the west. Gandhara art shows clear signs of Hellenistic and Roman influences, as in the way in which the facial expression, hair and clothing are represented.

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Type
Sculpture 
Materials
Slate 
Measurements
4 x 15 x 7.9 cm 
Creator name
Unknown 
Creator date
Unknown 
Where it was made
Afghanistan; India; Gandhara; Kushana 
Geography
Afghanistan; India; Gandhara; Kushana 
Time period
AD 2nd century ~ AD 5th century 
Creation date
2nd Century - 5th Century 
Function
 
Acquisition
 
Copyright
 
Acknowledgements
 
Owner
State property, the Netherlands 
Museum
National Museum of Ethnology, Rijksmuseum Volkenkunde 
Credit line
National Museum of Ethnology, Leiden, the Netherlands 

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