VIRTUAL COLLECTION OF ASIAN MASTERPIECES

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Subduing Mara Buddha Image
CM 540-2516
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Why this is a
Masterpiece

This object represents local Chiang Mai art. It is made of teak wood and a special technique has been used to create it. First a layer of lacquer was applied and after that it was painted with a red colour from the root of the Chaa tree. It was finished with a cover of gold leaf. Pieces of coloured glass were added for more decoration. This image has Burmese influence. Normally only one layer of lacquer was applied and nothing else. I have only seen one more piece with this type of elaborate decoration.

History of the Object
It is not known where this object was before it was given to the Buddhasatan.

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Type
Sculpture 
Materials
Wood, decorated with coloured glass 
Measurements
Width 6.9 cm Height 18 cm  
Creator name
unknown 
Creator date
Unknown 
Where it was made
Thailand; North of Thailand 
Geography
Thailand 
Time period
AD 18th century ~ AD 19th century 
Creation date
18th Century -19th Century; Late eighteenth-nineteenth century 
Function
It was used for worship and decoration in the temple. This image of a seated Buddha displays the gesture of Subduing Mara. The fingers of the right hand point down to the earth, reflecting the scene in the life of the Lord Buddha when he conquered and army of demons, just before his Enlightenment. He points towards the Earth to symbolize the help of the Earth Goddess in his struggle. It is easily the most common representation of the Buddha in Thailand. 
Acquisition
The object was acquired from the Buddhasatan, an educational Buddhist Centre in Chiang Mai. It was donated to Chiang Mai Museum on the occasion of the opening of the museum in 1973. The Buddhasatan functioned as a museum and received many objects from abandoned temples for guarding See also: CM 6-2516; 13-2516; 11-2516 and 273-2524 
Copyright
 
Acknowledgements
 
Owner
The State of Thailand 
Museum
Chiang Mai National Museum 
Credit line
 

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