VIRTUAL COLLECTION OF ASIAN MASTERPIECES

Add to Favorites

Add to Favorites
Your web browser does not support
Add to Favorites.

Please add the site using your bookmark menu.
The function is available only on Internet Explorer
search a masterpiece

Rölpai Dorje
ME1935.50.312
Download print email facebook twitter me2day

Why this is a
Masterpiece

The Museum of Ethnography in Stockholm maintains a special relationship to the great “lama-temple” in Beijing, Yonghegong, which was intensively studied by the Professor Ferdinand Lessing both before and during the last Hedin expedition (1927-35) -- in the latter case as a member of its staff. The temple was then studied in detail, especially its religious layout and the furnishing as well as iconography of its many halls. The temple was then also systematically photographed. Lessing managed to publish one volume out of a series planned. The Museum of Ethnography is at present engaged in what one could call an act of “intellectual repatriation” of such material, putting the texts and the photos at the disposal of the temple administration for publishing the first volume in a Chinese translation and for preparing other, so far unpublished, materials for possible publication. Statues and thangkas depicting Rölpai Dorje are not altogether unusual, but the ones housed in the Museum of Ethnography are still rare and nice portraits of this import person in Buddhist history.

History of the Object
The objects were acquired in 1930 and 1931. Earlier history not known.

Map Of Museums

See the Google map
Type
Sculpture 
Materials
Bronze pigments 
Measurements
Not available 
Creator name
Unknown 
Creator date
Unknown 
Where it was made
China; Beijing or another place of religious importance related to Rölpai Dorje (Chengde/Jehol or Wutai Shan). 
Geography
China 
Time period
AD 18th century ~ AD 19th century 
Creation date
18th Century - 19th Century; 19th or late 18th century 
Function
A statue depicting Rölpai Dorje (1717-1786), the most important religious personality during the 18th century Qing-dynasty: Religious instructor of Emperor Qianlong (1711-1799); “Teacher of the Empire”; “Lama of the Seal” (tham ka bla ma) the highest rank a Tibetan Buddhist monk could attain in China; a man of numerous distinctions and attainments. Also a man of many names: born as Dragpa Sonam with a Tibetan name; reincarnated as the second Changkya Huhtugtu with a Mongolian title; known as Lalita Vajra with a Sanskrit name. His achievements were manifold in promoting Tibetan Buddhism; in art and architecture, in establishing and developing monasteries, temples and retreats, in having the Tibetan Kanjur translated into Manchu and other Buddhist collections into Mongolian, in compiling iconographic inventories of the Tibetan pantheon (in 300 and 360 images/icons). The statue was made for religious purposes, to be placed in the proper place for veneration. It belongs to a category of realistic, portrait-like depictions of religious masters. A particular physiognomic trait of Rölpai Dorje was the fat lump he had behind his right cheek. It has been clearly rendered on this statue. 
Acquisition
Acquired during Sven Hedin’s last expedition 1927-35: 1935.50.312 on the 16th of January 1930 and the related thanka 1935.50.3113 on the 11th of October 1931 Export cleared by the Chinese authorities at the time. 
Copyright
© Museum of Ethnography, Stockholm 
Acknowledgements
Tony Sandin, Ann Olsén and Ulla Edberg of the Museum of Ethnography for providing and adjusting photographs and for assisting in transferring the material to the ASEMUS web site. 
Owner
Museum of Ethnography, Stockholm 
Museum
Museum of Ethnography, Stockholm 
Credit line
Indebted to Michael Henns, Zürich for much information on Rölpai Dorje and the object presented 

Other
Masterpieces

SEE ALL MASTERPIECES
OF THIS MUSEUM

Show original language

This is your
favorite
Masterpiece ?

Add  your reaction  now !

BACK TO LIST

Thank you

Thank you for your reaction!
Your reaction has been sent successfully. OK
팝업창 닫기

E-mail to a Friend now!

E-mail to a Friend now!

Thank you

Mail has been sent successfully. OK
팝업창 닫기