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Cinerary Urn
SN39
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Why this is a
Masterpiece

This cinerary urn was stolen by the Japanese during the period of colonial rule but was returned after the normalization of diplomatic relations between Korea and Japan. The inner jar is glazed and has flower patterns stamped over the whole surface. The outer jar made of granite has beveled sides, displaying a high level of workmanship. It is designated as Korean National Treasure No. 125.

History of the Object
When Buddhism was introduced to Korea, cremation became widespread in Silla instead of burial in large tombs. The practice became firmly established when it was accepted by the ruling class after Silla unified the Three Kingdoms. The ashes left after cremation were scattered in the mountains and fields or kept in a jar and buried in a hollow. Most cinerary urns consisted of a single jar but some consisted of a small jar encased in a large outer jar.

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Type
Ceramics 
Materials
Outer jar: granite, Inner jar: Earthenware with lead glaze 
Measurements
Height Outer jar: 43 cm, Inner jar:16.4 cm  
Creator name
unknown 
Creator date
unknown 
Where it was made
Korea 
Geography
Korea 
Time period
AD 9th century ~ AD 10th century 
Creation date
9th Century -10th Century; Unified Silla 
Function
Receptacle for cremated bones 
Acquisition
Acquired in 1966 
Copyright
National Museum of Korea 
Acknowledgements
-National Museum of Korea, National Museum of Korea Digital Museum 2.0, Seoul: Cultural Foundation of National Museum of Korea, 2007 -Center for Fine Arts, The Smile of Buddha, Brussels: Bozar Books and Bai, 2008. 
Owner
National Museum of Korea 
Museum
National Museum of Korea 
Credit line
National Museum of Korea 

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