VIRTUAL COLLECTION OF ASIAN MASTERPIECES

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Cart wheel
U.50-1-1
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Why this is a
Masterpiece

This cart wheel is a National Treasure. This is evidence of the way of life of Mongolians and the metalwork skills in Harhorum City, capital of Mongolia in the 13th Century. Mongolians were nomads; they owned a tent, a ger which they put on a cart and moved from one place to another. . The carts provided mobility for the Mongolians. Travelers from the 13th Century wrote that moving the Mongolian dwellings looked like moving a big city. The carts of the Khaans and lords weighed up to five tons.

History of the Object
The Soviet-Mongolian joint expedition headed by S.V. Kiselev and H. Perlee excavated the capital city of the Mongolian Empire Kharkhorin Sum, Uburkhangai Province. During the excavation from the Harhorum - the capital city of the 13th Mongolian Empire, numerous metal items were found, such as axes, mattocks, scissors and different cart wheels.

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Type
Archaeological 
Materials
Cast iron 
Measurements
diameter 35 cm, thick 8.5 cm 
Creator name
Unknown 
Creator date
Unknown 
Where it was made
Mongolia 
Geography
Mongolia 
Time period
AD 13th century ~ AD 14th century 
Creation date
13th Century - 14th Century 
Function
Iron wheel hub of the palace ger carts that belonged to the Mongolian khaans and lords. 
Acquisition
Findings of a joint Soviet - Mongolian research expedition in 1949 
Copyright
 
Acknowledgements
 
Owner
National Museum of Mongolia 
Museum
National Museum of Mongolia 
Credit line
 

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