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Large Wedge Shaped Double Shouldered Stone Spade
009947
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Why this is a
Masterpiece

Made from bluish slate, this spade has smooth surfaces and a unique shape. It displays a short handle, double sloping curved shoulders, and a wedge or semi-circle shaped notch in each of the shoulders for convenience of binding, along with a narrow waist and curved blades that feature relatively flat edges. This stone spade features narrow waists and symmetrical shoulders with ridges. Below the shoulders it curves down to a mellow finish, and is a great work of art among stone tools. It presents great value in understanding the primitive agricultural economy, tools and processing techniques of jade in the Lingnan areas (lands south of the five mounts) during the Neolithic age.

History of the Object
At Pogang in the south of Guangxi, there has often been discovered prehistoric stone tools with short handles, double shoulders, narrow waists and curved blades. Most are large and flat, featuring symmetrical edges, clear cut outline, smooth surfaces and beautiful designs. Archeologists have named them “Large Stone Spades”, and they are also customarily known in archeology as Guinan Large Stone Spades (large stone spades of southern Guangxi). The appearance of these stone spades is closely linked to the development of agriculture; some of the spades were agricultural tools, while others were used for ceremonial purposes. This item was originally meant for rituals.

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Type
Archaeological 
Materials
Stone 
Measurements
Width 27.2 cm. Height 1.9 cm. Length 66.7 cm.  
Creator name
Neolithic Period 
Creator date
Neolithic Period 
Where it was made
China 
Geography
China 
Time period
BCE 70th century ~ BCE 22th century 
Creation date
BCE; 70th Century BCE - 22nd Century BCE; Late Neolithic Period 
Function
Ritual Item 
Acquisition
Excavated from the surface layer of the Dalongtan ruins that date from the late Neolithic period. 
Copyright
The Museum of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Nanning 
Acknowledgements
 
Owner
the Museum of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Nanning 
Museum
The Museum of Guang Xi Zhuang Autonomous Region 
Credit line
The Museum of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Nanning 

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