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“NAMTAR DUULAH DATSAN” Temple theatre of D. Ravjaa
Theatremuseum7
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Why this is a
Masterpiece

For the history of Mongolian theatre this model is an important object. On this maquette one sees how the play was performed in the temple theater. On the first floor: the main drama was played. On the second floor: The small interludes were played. On the third floor: You can see the director sitting inside and overseeing the whole action by using a mirror.

History of the Object
D. Ravjaa became a disciple after receiving his ordination from Rev. Ishdonilhundev, a living Buddha of Orgyn Gol, in the Year of the Snake (1809). According to the short biography, D. Ravjaa was distinguished for his gift and talent especially in oral poetry when he was only seven years old. In the 1830s he created the melodrama “Life story of Moon Cuckoo”, staged and performed it at the Gobi monasteries: Tulgat, Hamryn hiid, three monasteries of Galbyn Gobi and others, thus, presenting joy to the public and giving spiritual entertainment to them. In the play the contradiction of its heroes, their complicated views and ideas, vagueness and confusion were shown vividly and harmoniously while at the same time close to the real life. The play also speaks about the time in which the author lived. Negative persons sometimes got the upper-hand in troubled times, but eventually they were defeated by the progressive and honest majority. In the play such persons and their blackmail and sin were seriously criticized and condemned by those citizens, tracing the path of truth and faith. For the performance of the play, a special temple theatre had been built, which has double stored stages and a separate box for a music orchestra. Artists who were invited and chosen, men and women, lamas and laymen, needed to be perfectly built and handsome, and also needed a certain capacity for signing and dancing. Sufficient knowledge in writing Mongolian was also required from artists. It was believed that the melodrama was being performed up to the 1920s.

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Type
Performance Art 
Materials
wood and iron paper 
Measurements
Width 100 cm. Height 190 cm. Length 120 cm.  
Creator name
B. Davaa, G. Tsagaanderem and B. Gurbazar. 
Creator date
Unknown 
Where it was made
Ulaan Baatar 
Geography
Mongolia 
Time period
AD 20th century ~ AD 20th century 
Creation date
20th Century; 1991 
Function
maquette theatre 
Acquisition
Transferred from the D. Danzanravjaas Museum 1995. 
Copyright
 
Acknowledgements
 
Owner
Mongolian Theatre Museum 
Museum
Mongolian Theatre Museum 
Credit line
Mongolia 

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