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Bronze You (wine vessel) with Phoenix Design and Inscription “戈” of Shang Dynasty
hunan13
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Why this is a
Masterpiece

You” is a kind of wine vessel used in ancient times. Decorated with a phoenix design, this object displays great elegance and the pattern on it is very exquisite, demonstrating the ingenious techniques of bronze-making in South China during the Shang Dynasty (16th Century B.C – 11th Century B.C.) The inscription “戈” on both the exterior and interior bottom of this bronze is a symbol of one ethnic group called Ge. The Ge ethnic group was large and prosperous in China’s Central Plain during the Dynasties of Xia and Shang. They were famous for their extraordinary technique of making bronzes, especially the invention “Ge” – a weapon of war. Unearthed in Hunan Province, the bronze proves that the Ge ethnic group had already entered Hunan in the late Shang Dynasty (16th century B.C – 11th century B.C.), bringing with it the advanced bronze-making techniques. Therefore, this object shows that the bronze culture in both South and North China thrived during the Shang Dynasty.

History of the Object
Unearthed at Wangjiafenshan, Huangcai, Ningxiang, Hunan Province in 1970.

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Type
Archaeological 
Materials
Bronze 
Measurements
37.7cm×13.5×15cm, Diameter of the belly: 20×22.6cm 
Creator name
Unknown 
Creator date
Unknown 
Where it was made
Hunan Province,China 
Geography
China 
Time period
BCE 16th century ~ BCE 11th century 
Creation date
BCE; 16th Century BCE - 11th Century BCE; Shang Dynasty 
Function
Sacrificial utensil 
Acquisition
Unearthed at Wangjiafenshan, Huangcai, Ningxiang, Hunan Province in 1970 and later collected by Hunan Provincial Museum. 
Copyright
Hunan Provincial Museum Copyright 
Acknowledgements
 
Owner
Hunan Provincial Museum 
Museum
Hunan Provincial Museum 
Credit line
http://www.hnmuseum.com/hnmuseum/eng 

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