VIRTUAL COLLECTION OF ASIAN MASTERPIECES

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Secondary Burial Jar with Cover
A-77-210
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Why this is a
Masterpiece

Pre-historic belief systems influenced burial practices in pre-Hispanic Philippines when reverence given to the dead was of great importance. After a certain period, the remains of the deceased were exhumed, cleaned, and stored in such vessels. It was likely that only the wealthy could undergo secondary burials because the accompanying ceremonies were lavish. In the absence of written records, these urns are valuable testimonies to how society functioned at that time – including their hierarchy, what they valued as commodities and what they traded, among other practices. While most burial jars found in the Philippines are made of fired clay, these urns are carved from limestone, which make these relatively rare specimens.

History of the Object
Since its acquisition, this secondary burial urn featured in the museum’s permanent diorama display. In 1981, it formed part of the exhibition, The People and Art of the Philippines organized by the Museum of Cultural History at the University of California in collaboration with the Philippine Commission in Hawaii, the National Museum of the Philippines and the Ayala Museum at the Honolulu Academy of Art (Honolulu, Hawaii). It was also featured in Treasures at Ayala Museum (2002), and Power+ Faith+Image: Philippine art in Ivory from the 16th to the 19th century (2004).

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Type
Archaeological 
Materials
Limestone 
Measurements
Width 23.5 cm. Height 63 cm. Length 23.5 cm.  
Creator name
Pre-Buddhist, pre-Hindu, pre-Christian Filipino 
Creator date
Unknown 
Where it was made
Philippines, South Cotabato, Salansang 
Geography
Philippines 
Time period
BCE 16th century ~ BCE 16th century 
Creation date
BCE; Developed Metal Age to Contact Period (2200 B.C. to A.D. 1521) 
Function
Vessel for secondary burial 
Acquisition
Purchased in 1977 
Copyright
This photograph and information pertaining to the artwork pictured herein may be used only once and only for the purpose of the Virtual Collection of Masterpieces (VCM) project. The image may not be cropped or manipulated. Credits (title of artwork, artist, collection/owner, and Ayala Museum) should always be included when publishing this photograph. 
Acknowledgements
Kasaysayan: The Story of The Filipino People. Volume II: “The Early Filipinos.” Asia Publishing Co. Ltd., 1998. Paterno, Maria Elena. Treasures of the Philippine National Museum. Makati: Bookmark, Inc, 1995. Casino, G.E. et al. The People And Art Of The Philippines. Los Angeles: University of California, 1981. Jocano, F. Landa. Filipino Prehistory: Rediscovering Precolonial Heritage. Quezon City: Punlad Research House, Inc., 1998. 
Owner
Ayala Museum, Makati, Philippines 
Museum
Ayala Museum 
Credit line
Ayala Museum Collection 

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