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Dish bearing the combined arms of Van der Clauw (?) and Jouvenance (?)
0324031
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Why this is a
Masterpiece

What makes this charger particularly remarkable, is the polychrome picture in the centre. It shows six vessels at anchor in Table Bay with Cape Town and Table Mountain in the background. Cape Town was founded in 1652 by Jan van Riebeeck (1619-1677) as a supply station for Dutch East India Company (VOC) vessels on their way to or from Batavia. The depiction of the scene is so detailed that two of the ships can be identified by their flags as hailing from Middelburg, while the stern of a third vessel bears the monogram R VOC, standing for the Rotterdam Chamber of the VOC. The picture is clearly derived from a European or Dutch print, presumably supplied to the Chinese porcelain painters by dealers for use as a model

History of the Object
Although many questions remain regarding the identification of the combined armorial bearings on this charger, the piece deserves special attention, if only for its marvelous depiction of the Cape of Good Hope. The arms on the female side, with the half-depicted lions rampant, are thought to come from the Jouvance family, which originated in the Lorraine region of France, while those on the male side, with the crossed eagle claws, are attributed to the Van der Clauw family from Zeeland. However, since both armorial bearings originally bore other colours, this attribution is questionable – the more so since neither family seems to have had any connection with the Cape and, in view of the scene shown on the charger, the couple in question must have had one. The coat of arms is shown on the rim of the charger between stylised cartouches in the style of Du Paquier.

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Type
Decorative Art 
Materials
Porcelain, enamel colours and gold 
Measurements
height 4.9 cm; diameter 42.1 cm 
Creator name
Unknown 
Creator date
Unknown 
Where it was made
China 
Geography
China 
Time period
AD 18th century ~ AD 18th century 
Creation date
18th Century; 1745 - 1750 (Qing Dynasty, Qianlong) 
Function
decorative 
Acquisition
Long-standing loan from a private collection since 1985 
Copyright
 
Acknowledgements
Lit. .: C. Jörg, Oriental Porcelain in The Netherlands. Four Museum Collections, Groningen 2003, p. 32, cat.no. 13 J. Kroes, Chinese Armorial Porcelain for the Dutch Market, Den Haag/Zwolle 2007, pp. 29-30 and 291-292 (cat. no. 207) Wapengekletter op Chinees porselein, themanummer Vormen uit vuur (2008), p. 39, cat.no. 9 
Owner
Gemeentemuseum Den Haag 
Museum
Gemeentemuseum 
Credit line
 

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