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Semicircular Roof-end tile with Toadish Design
YGM-Z19
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Why this is a
Masterpiece

A semicirclular roof-end tile has not been discovered in China after the Donghan Period; furthermore, it is found only in the sites of Goguryeo of the Three Kingdoms. What merits attention is that its form differs from China's semicirclular convex tiles at the edge of the eaves. The Goguryeo tiles are not joined at 90 degrees but are adhered obliquely and as such, it seems they have been used for a special purpose at a specific part of the roof. When considering this, it is highly possible that the semicircular tiles were originally developed in Goguryeo. The toadish design on the front of the tile has a relation with the general belief about the sun, moon and stars and frequently appears with a three-footed crow, symbolizing the sun, on the roof of ancient tomb murals of Goguryeo. Yet, among excavations until now, this is the only example where a toadish design is found on a convex tile. Judging from the toad's big smile the Goguryeo people must have been pretty optimistic.

History of the Object
This is an object which Ito Shobei collected from an antique store in the Pyeongyang area in the 1910s. A semicircular roof-end tile is found only in the Pyeongyang, Goguryeo era.

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Type
Architecture 
Materials
Earthenware 
Measurements
Diameter 31.2 cm 
Creator name
Unknown 
Creator date
Unknown 
Where it was made
Pyeongyang city, Pyeongannam-do Province, North Korea 
Geography
Korea 
Time period
BCE 1st century ~ AD 7th century 
Creation date
BCE; 1st Century BCE - 7th Century AD; Goguryeo(BC 37 - 668 AD) 
Function
Building materials (Roof Tile) 
Acquisition
In 1964, Isao Iuchi obtained the collection of Ito Shobei, which had been gathered since the 1910s. Composed of Korean roof- end tiles, half of this collection was donated to the National Museum of Korea in 1987 and is currently exhibited in the Museum's Iuchi Isao Room at the Donations Gallery. The other half was utilized as research resource at the Iuchi Ancient Art Research Institute until 2005, when the museum director, Mr. YU Changjong obtained it. Now it is preserved at the YooGeum Musuem of Roof-end Tiles. 
Copyright
YooGeum Museum of Roof-end Tile 
Acknowledgements
Chang-jong Yoo (Roof-end Tile in East Asia), Seoul: Misul Munhwa, 2009. YooGeum Museum of Roof-end Tile, (Korean Roof-end Tile Collection: 100 Years, 100 Highlights), Seoul: YooGeum Museum of Roof-end Tile, 2008. 
Owner
YooGeum Museum of Roof-end Tile 
Museum
Yoo Geum Museum of Roof-end Tiles 
Credit line
YooGeum Museum of Roof-end Tile 

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