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Manunggul Burial Jar
64-M-74
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Why this is a
Masterpiece

The Manunggul Jar is a unique Neolithic secondary burial jar with an incised running scroll and impressed decorations. It is painted with hematite. On top of the cover is a boat with two human figures that represent souls on a journey to the afterlife. The human figure in the rear is holding a steering paddle with both hands; the blade of the paddle is missing. The heads of the human figures appear to be wearing a band tied over the crown and under the jaw. The forelimbs of the front figure are folded across the chest, a widespread practice in the Philippines when arranging the corpse. At the front of the boat is the image of the head with eyes, nose and mouth. It is the only burial jar of its kind in the Philippines.

History of the Object
The jar was recovered in Chamber A, Manunggul Cave, Lipuun Point Reservation (Tabon Cave Complex), Quezon, Palawan during the archaeological exploration undertaken by Dr. Fox in the 1960s. Considered the most significant object in the National Museum, the jar is on display in Case #3, Kaban ng Lahi Gallery, 3rd floor, Museum of the Filipino People.

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Type
Archaeological 
Materials
earthenware; clay 
Measurements
Width maximum: 51.5 cm Height 66.5 cm  
Creator name
Prehistoric inhabitants of Quezon, Palawan 
Creator date
Late Neolithic Period 
Where it was made
Philippines; Quezon; Palawan 
Geography
Philippines 
Time period
BCE 9th century ~ BCE 8th century 
Creation date
BC; 890-710 BC Late Neolithic Period  
Function
Secondary burial jar 
Acquisition
Systematically recovered by a team of archaeologists led by Dr. Robert Fox, former anthropologist of the National Museum in 1964. The object entered the NM collection in 1964. 
Copyright
 
Acknowledgements
 
Owner
National Museum Philippines 
Museum
National Museum of the Philippines 
Credit line
 

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