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Stone Inscription
CM 6-2516
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Why this is a
Masterpiece

The inscription is of great historical value because it was the first time that evidence was found that a Kingdom existed in the North that was called "Lanna". The word "Lanna" had been found before, but it was never actually referred to as the name of a Kingdom. Once the text on this stone was translated it confirmed that the Lanna Kingdom existed. The inscription is written in the Fa Kharn alphabet and in Thaiyuan language, the old language from Lanna. Fa Kharn is an alphabet that was used in North and Northeast Thailand as well as in the Khmer Kingdom.

History of the Object
The stone was found in 1940 by a soldier on the bank of the Khong River on the Laos side, opposite the present Thai village of Chiang Khong. He took it with him to a military camp at Lamphang. The camp gave it to the Bhuddasatan in 1952. In 1983 two scientists from Chiang Mai University and Chulalongkorn University in Bangkok trasnslated the text.

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Type
Inscription stones 
Materials
Sand Stone 
Measurements
Width 49 cm Height 93 cm  
Creator name
unknown 
Creator date
Unknown 
Where it was made
Thailand; Lanna Kingdom, North of Thailand 
Geography
Thailand 
Time period
AD 16th century ~ AD 16th century 
Creation date
16th Century; 1553 
Function
The Stone was erected to announce that King Phra Chai Chetta (ruled from 1546-1547) ordered Wat Chiang Saa be built. It indicated that the King donated the land on which to build this temple. The King ruled only one year in Chiang Mai and then returned to Lan Xang (old name for Laos). 
Acquisition
The object was acquired from the Buddhasatan, an educational Buddhist Centre in Chiang Mai. The Buddhasatan actually functioned as a museum and received many objects from abandoned temples for guarding. It was donated to the Museum in 1973 on the occasion of the opening. See also: CM 540-2516; 13-2516; 11-2516 and 273-2524 
Copyright
 
Acknowledgements
 
Owner
The State of Thailand 
Museum
Chiang Mai National Museum 
Credit line
 

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