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Mosque lamp, Bahri-Mamluk period.
MVK_17.086
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Why this is a
Masterpiece

This oil lamp represents a very elegant type of medieval mosque lamps manufactured in Egypt and Syria under the Mamluk dynasty. The technique of painting glass with enamels appeared some time in the 12th century and seems to have been limited to the Syrian-Egyptian area. This artistic skill disappeared around 1400 just as suddenly as it had emerged, probably when the Syrian glass centres were destroyed in the attack of Timur (Tamerlane).

History of the Object
Once part of the famous Miramar Collection which belonged to Emperor Franz Josef's younger brother and the later Emperor Maximilian of Mexico, Archduke Ferdinand Max. Ferdinand Max is believed to have acquired them in Cairo on one of his Mediterranean trips in the mid-19th-century.

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Type
Decorative Art 
Materials
Gilded and enamelled glass. 
Measurements
Height 39.5 cm.  
Creator name
Unknown 
Creator date
Unknown 
Where it was made
Syria 
Geography
Syria 
Time period
AD 14th century ~ AD 14th century 
Creation date
14th Century; 1360 (app.) 
Function
Made for the madressah of al-Nasir Hasan b. Muhammad in Cairo. 
Acquisition
Originally part of the Miramar collection of Archduke Ferdinand Max, brother of the Austrian Emperor Franz Joseph (1848-1916), integrated in 1883 into the museums collection. 
Copyright
 
Acknowledgements
Kjeld von Folsach, Torben Lundbaek, Peder Mortensen (eds.). Sultan, Shah, and Great Mughal. The history and culture of the Islamic world. Copenhagen: The National Museum 1996, pp. 56-59 and 160-167. 
Owner
State property, Republic of Austria. 
Museum
Weltmuseum Wien 
Credit line
 

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