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Autumn Moon at Ishiyama (Ishiyama no aki no tsuki)
Vm 121
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Why this is a
Masterpiece

The sheet titled Autumn Moon at Ishiyama is an early example of a black-and-white hand-coloured woodblock print painted with urushi black lacquer – a technique called urushi-e, literally meaning “lacquer picture“. The image shows one of The Eight Views of Lake Biwa (Ómi hakkei, in Japanese), inspired by the famous series of Chinese Eight Views of the Xiao and Xiang Rivers. The woodblock print with its noteworthy landscape theme was created by the master painter Kiyomasu II of the Torii School, which otherwise specialized in actor prints that illustrated actors of the kabuki theatre. The scene showing people on a pleasure boat sailing on Lake Biwa is complemented by a distinctive drawing of the Ishiyama mountain range with the Ishiyamadera temple overlooking the River Seta, flowing southward from Lake Biwa. The image bears the inscription: Ómi hakkei- roku (Eight Views of Lake Biwa – Scene Six). A calligraphed poem (waka) is featured on the left: The glow of the moon – on the waves of Lake Biwa – below Ishiyama mountain – is even more beautiful than that – on the shores of the Suma in Akashi (Ishiyama ya - nio no umi teru - tsukikage wa - Akashi mo Suma mo - hoka naranu kana). The cartouche below bears the author’s signature: Eshi Torii Kiyomatsu hitsu (drawn by Torii Kiyomasu) and the publisher’s mark and address: Igaya (Kan’emon)–han, Motohama-chó. The woodcut was probably printed between 1726 and 1736,

History of the Object
The rare early landscape print in the ukiyoe vein was purchased by the Czech art collector, poet and Japanese woodcut print expert, Sigismund Bouška in 1912 from the noted German collection of Dr. Jaeckel for the first exhibition of Japanese early woodcut held in Prague. It was only in 1956 that the National Gallery in Prague acquired the print.

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Type
Print 
Materials
Hand-coloured woodblock print – urushie 
Measurements
33.5 x 15.8 cm, hosoban 
Creator name
Torii Kiyomasu II 
Creator date
(1706-1763) 
Where it was made
Edo 
Geography
Japan 
Time period
AD 18th century ~ AD 18th century 
Creation date
18th Century; Edo period, c. 1730 
Function
decoration, artwork 
Acquisition
Purchased in 1912 from Dr. Jaeckel’s collection, acquired for the National Gallery in 1956. 
Copyright
National Gallery in Prague 
Acknowledgements
Markéta Hánová, Helena Honcoopová, Lubor Hájek 
Owner
Czech state,National Gallery in Prague 
Museum
The National Gallery 
Credit line
National Gallery in Prague 

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