VIRTUAL COLLECTION OF ASIAN MASTERPIECES

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Roof Tile with Monster-mask Design
YGM-Z41
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Why this is a
Masterpiece

A roof tile with a monster mask design is a very rare object, and this roof tile forms a valuable resource for studying the process of change in East Asian roof tile making. This tile has an image with a vigorous impression which is a distinctive characteristic of Goguryeo roof-end tiles. These monster mask roof tiles were used to decorate the edge of a mildly pitched roof. The upper part is round and the lower part has been cut in a half circle. A convex roofing tile was attached to the lower part that has been cut in half, and another roof- end tile with a bend back (see: YGM-Z31) is connected to the upper part for stabilization. The prominent eyes, nose and mouth clearly point to the strong and majestic culture of Goguryeo.

History of the Object
This is an object which Ito Shobei collected from an antique store in Pyeongyang city, North Korea. This kind of roof tile with a monster mask design was excavated from Cheongamri, Sangori situated near the Daedong River. The date of manufacture is estimated to be the first half of the 5th Century, after the capital city of Goguryeo was moved to Pyeongyang.

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Type
Architecture 
Materials
Earthenware 
Measurements
Width 28.4 cm. Length 38.8 cm.  
Creator name
Unknown 
Creator date
Unknown 
Where it was made
Paesaji, Cheongam-ri, Yimwon-myeon, Pyeongyang city, Pyeongannam-do Province, North Korea 
Geography
Korea 
Time period
AD 5th century ~ AD 5th century 
Creation date
5th Century; early 5th Century; Goguryeo(BC 37 - 668 AD) 
Function
Building materials (Roof Tile) 
Acquisition
In 1964, Isao Iuchi obtained the collection of Ito Shobei, which had been gathered since the 1910s. Composed of Korean roof-end tiles, half of this collection was donated to the National Museum of Korea in 1987 and is currently exhibited in the Museum's Iuchi Isao Room in the Donations Gallery. The other half was utilized as a research resource at the Iuchi Ancient Art Research Institute until 2005, when director Changjong Yu obtained it. Now it is preserved at the YooGeumMusuem of Roof-end Tiles. 
Copyright
YooGeum Museum of Roof-end Tiles 
Acknowledgements
Chang-jong Yoo (Roof-end Tile in East Asia), Seoul: Misul Munhwa, 2009. YooGeum Museum of Roof-end Tile (Korean Roof-end Tile Collection: 100 Years, 100 Highlights), Seoul: YooGeum Museum of Roof-end Tile, 2008. 
Owner
YooGeum Museum of Roof-end Tiles 
Museum
Yoo Geum Museum of Roof-end Tiles 
Credit line
YooGeum Museum of Roof-end Tiles 

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