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Halh married woman’s outfit
U.64-3-66
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Why this is a
Masterpiece

This outfit is an original and rare example. It expresses Mongolian aesthetics, symbolism, special features, and characteristics, as well as the artistic abilities of the craftsmen.

History of the Object
A Halh married woman's outfit consists of a hat, garment, waistcoat, boots, headdress, pendants, braid sheaths and other jewelery. A Halh bride receives a dowry of clothing and jewelry on her wedding day, marking her new marital status, wealth and ethnic group. In contrast to a maiden’s outfit, the married woman’s gown has no belt. A tall, pointed hat replaces the maiden’s round hat. The gown’s raised shoulder pads complement the elaborate, winged hair with its barrettes and skull cap and helps hold the hair in place. In the past, it was believed that the hairstyle should resemble the wings of a garuda, a mythical beast. This hairstyle was particularly popular with the Halh. The braid sheaths give the appearance of extremely long hair, which was a traditional mark of beauty. Great attention was paid to the ornamentation of the headdress. The skull cap originated from the 13th Century married woman’s hat. Generally, wives wore an “uuj” (something like a long waistcoat without sleeves) over the traditional Mongolian dress. The waistcoat was worn for ceremonies.

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Type
Costume and Jewelry 
Materials
Hat: beads, gilded silver, silver, velvet, silk, gown: Chinese patterned silk, Tibetan silk brocade, felt, pongee, cotton, crepe, silver, gilded silver, boots: embroidered leather, felt, cotton.jewelry: silver, coral, turquoise, pearl, lapis lazuli, brass, bamboo, glass, stone, amalgam 
Measurements
various 
Creator name
Unknown 
Creator date
Unknown 
Where it was made
Mongolia 
Geography
Mongolia 
Time period
AD 19th century ~ AD 20th century 
Creation date
19th Century-20th Century; late 19th-early 20th Century 
Function
A summer outfit for a wealthy Halh (ethnic group) woman. Found in nearly every province, the 1.9 million Halh comprise 81.5% of Mongolia’s population (2000 census). 
Acquisition
Transfer and purchase 
Copyright
 
Acknowledgements
 
Owner
National Museum of Mongolia 
Museum
National Museum of Mongolia 
Credit line
 

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