VIRTUAL COLLECTION OF ASIAN MASTERPIECES

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The Qiran-e Sa’adayn by Amir Khursraw Dihlavi
Inv. no. LA 187
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Why this is a
Masterpiece

The calligrapher of this manuscript is the famous Sultan Muhammad Nur and the style of the three signed paintings added later owes much to the work of Riza-i-Abbasi to the prominent painter of Shah Abbas court workshop. Possibly Nur al-Din Muhammad worked closely with Riza at the court workshop. The carved moulded and gilt sumptuous binding is signed which is very rare in Islamic bindings.

History of the Object
Although the text of this manuscript was copied in 1515 during the reign of Shah Ismail I, the style of the illustrations indicated that they were added later, before its donation to the Ardabil shrine. In fact the presence of a seal of the Ardabil shrine in fol.18r which was not erased as in the other folios of the manuscript identifies it as a religious donation (waqf). Since only books from Shah Abbas’ own library were donated to the Ardabil shrine in 1608, the painter who added the miniatures to this manuscript must have been working for the court workshop of Shah Abbas. Presumably the binding was also added at the same court workshop.

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Type
Book 
Materials
Opaque pigment, ink and gold on paper 
Measurements
Width 11,7 cm Height 26,8 cm  
Creator name
Calligrapher: Sultan Muhammad Nur; Painter: Nur al-Din Muhammad Musavvir; Bookbinder: Muhammad Salih al-Tabrizi 
Creator date
Calligrapher: 1515; Painter: 1600-1608; Bookbinder: 1600-1608 
Where it was made
Iran 
Geography
Iran 
Time period
AD 16th century ~ AD 16th century 
Creation date
16th Century - 17th Century (early) 
Function
manuscript 
Acquisition
Formerly in the Claude Anet collection. Bought through Gudenian at a Sotheby’s sale in June 1920. 
Copyright
 
Acknowledgements
 
Owner
Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation 
Museum
Calouste Gulbenkian Museum 
Credit line
Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation /Calouste Gulbenkian Museum 

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