VIRTUAL COLLECTION OF ASIAN MASTERPIECES

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Traditional woman's dress - jumlo
MAIP 8193
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Why this is a
Masterpiece

The most characteristic of traditional costumes of Nuristani people, living in inaccessible valleys in the mountains of Afghanistan, is a woman's dress (jumlo). This dress has very deep sleeves, and a short skirt with over 450 godets. The upper part of the dress and sleeves are embroidered with red thread in back-stitch and the cuffs and collar are embroidered in chain-stitch. Solar and geometric patterns, connected with pre-Islamic traditions, dominate in ornamentation. Additionally, the dress is decorated with beads, cowrie-shells, coins, buttons, and zippers – sometimes treated as amulets. The uncommon form of this dress caused us to include it among our masterpieces.

History of the Object
This kind of dress was popular in Nuristan until the beginning of the 20th Century, but nowadays is replaced by a short, black, embroidered skirt. Today these rare objects can be admired only at the museums.

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Type
Costume and Jewelry 
Materials
cotton, beads, cowrie-shells, coins, buttons, and zipper 
Measurements
Width 161 cm Length 87 cm  
Creator name
Unknown 
Creator date
Unknown 
Where it was made
Afghanistan; Nuristan 
Geography
Afghanistan 
Time period
AD 20th century ~ AD 20th century 
Creation date
20th Century; early 
Function
Traditional woman's dress, worn with long trousers. 
Acquisition
In 1984, responding to the initiative of the museum’s director, Andrzej Wawrzyniak, many Poles, then living and working in Kabul, enriched the museum’s collection with rare objects among which were this dress (jumlo). 
Copyright
 
Acknowledgements
 
Owner
Asia and Pacific Museum in Warsaw 
Museum
Asia and Pacific Museum 
Credit line
 

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