VIRTUAL COLLECTION OF ASIAN MASTERPIECES

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Yueware – barrel-shaped jar
16-4
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Why this is a
Masterpiece

Considered the ancestor of Chinese celadons, Yueware had great influence on the decorative styles of wares from other kilns in both north and south China. Yueware is covered with a thin and smooth glaze that tends to be olive in color. Surface ornamentation are kept to a minimum on those made in the 9th-10th century, one of the characteristics of early monochrome. The barrel-shape jar with two decorative tiny ears and an undecorated body in the Roberto T. Villanueva collection is a classic example of early Yueware.

History of the Object
Yueware from the north-eastern part of Zhejiang Province is an early ware. The production started in the Eastern Han period or 1st century and ended in the Northern Song period or 11th century. Yueware is a common find in the 9th century archaeological sites in Japan as well as the Middle East. It is also found in the Southeast Asian countries of Indonesia and the Philippines. Yueware is characterized by fine gray stoneware with a yellowish to grayish-green glaze. Of the various glazed stoneware, greenware or celadon has the longest history. Some Yueware date back to the 5th century B.C. The name Yue comes from its region of origin; the Zhejiang province was formerly known as Yue. The earliest Yuewares were used for burial offerings, which later included iron-spotted wares. By the 9th and 10th centuries, large quantities of Yueware were produced for the Southeast Asian and the Middle Eastern markets and the more refined pieces were used as tributes for the imperial court. Many Yue vessels were also intended for use in tea ceremonies. In Cha Jing (‘Tea Classic’), for example, the 8th century writer, Lu Yu, showed his high regard for Yueware by comparing them to jade.

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Type
Ceramics 
Materials
Olive-green to yellowish glazed stoneware 
Measurements
18.7 (height) x 12 (diameter) cm. 
Creator name
Yue potters from northeastern Zheijiang Province 
Creator date
Unknown 
Where it was made
China;Northeastern Zhejiang Province 
Geography
China 
Time period
AD 10th century ~ AD 12th century 
Creation date
10th Century – 12th Century; Northern Song dynasty 
Function
Container 
Acquisition
On loan for 25 years from the Roberto T. Villanueva Foundation 
Copyright
This photograph and information pertaining to the artwork pictured herein may be used only once and only for the purpose of the Virtual Collection of Masterpieces (VCM) project. The image may not be cropped or manipulated. Credits (title of artwork, artist, collection/owner, and Ayala Museum) should always be included when publishing this photograph. 
Acknowledgements
References: Gotuaco, Larry, Rita Tan & Allison Diem. Chinese & Vietnamese Blue and White wares found in the Philippines. Bookmark Inc, 1997. Guy, John S. Oriental Trade Ceramics in South East Asia Ninth to Sixteenth Centuries. Singapore: Oxford University Press, 1990. Krahl, Regina. Chinese Ceramics from the Meiyintang Collection. (vols. 1 & 2). United Kingdom: Azimuth Editions Limited, 1994. Williams, C.A.S. Chinese Symbolism and Art Motifs. 4th ed. Singapore: Tuttle Publishing, 1974.  
Owner
Family of Roberto T. Villanueva Foundation 
Museum
Ayala Museum 
Credit line
On long-term loan to Ayala Museum from the Roberto T. Villanueva Foundation, Philippines 

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