VIRTUAL COLLECTION OF ASIAN MASTERPIECES

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Longquan ware – bright blue-green incense burner
16-43 (C-622)
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Why this is a
Masterpiece

The tripod incense burner in the Villanueva collection is covered with a thick, opaque glaze, an example of Longquan celadon of superb quality. It is decorated with two dragons coiling around the vessel and a lid topped with a foo-dog. The shape is reminiscent of Chinese ceremonial bronze. This solid-looking Longquan ware adorned with auspicious animals stunned a visiting archaeologist from Zhejiang as it presents an example not seen elsewhere.

History of the Object
Celadon owes its color to the presence of iron oxide. Its clay material varies from a compact gray stoneware to a white porcellaneous material. Longquan kiln, located in the southern part of Zhejiang Province, produced some of the finest celadons in China. The best quality was attained in the Southern Song period (1127-1278 A.D.) when the Longquan potters copied the multi-layer glazing technology from the imperial kiln in Hangzhou, the capital. But it was not until the Yuan dynasty (1279-1368 A.D.) that Longquan ware was massed-produced and exported. It is, therefore, not surprising that majority of Longquan celadon found in the Philippines are dated to the Yuan period.

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Type
Ceramics 
Materials
Blue-green glazed stoneware 
Measurements
16.5 (height) x 13.6 (diameter) cm 
Creator name
Potters from Longquan kiln 
Creator date
Unknown 
Where it was made
China; Southern Zhejiang Province; Longquan kiln 
Geography
China 
Time period
AD 14th century ~ AD 14th century 
Creation date
14th Century; Yuan Dynasty 
Function
Incense burner 
Acquisition
on loan for 25 years from the Roberto T. Villanueva Foundation 
Copyright
This photograph and information pertaining to the artwork pictured herein may be used only once and only for the purpose of the Virtual Collection of Masterpieces (VCM) project. The image may not be cropped or manipulated. Credits (title of artwork, artist, collection/owner, and Ayala Museum) should always be included when publishing this photograph. 
Acknowledgements
References: Gotuaco, Larry, Rita Tan & Allison Diem. Chinese & Vietnamese Blue and White wares found in the Philippines. Bookmark Inc, 1997. Guy, John S. Oriental Trade Ceramics in South East Asia Ninth to Sixteenth Centuries. Singapore: Oxford University Press, 1990. Krahl, Regina. Chinese Ceramics from the Meiyintang Collection. (vols. 1 & 2). United Kingdom: Azimuth Editions Limited, 1994. Williams, C.A.S. Chinese Symbolism and Art Motifs. 4th ed. Singapore: Tuttle Publishing, 1974. 
Owner
Roberto T. Villanueva Foundation 
Museum
Ayala Museum 
Credit line
On long-term loan to Ayala Museum from the Roberto T. Villanueva Foundation, Philippines 

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