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Drum and stick of a Sagai Tatar Shaman
VK1063
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Why this is a
Masterpiece

Professor N. F. Katanov was himself a Turkic-speaking Abakan or Minusinsk Tatar (Khakas). He was also the head of the Kazan municipal museum and interested in collecting artefacts. This shaman's drum represents a small indigenous people and its shamanistic religion. It is remarkable because the collector, Ivar Wallenius saw it in use.

History of the Object
The shaman's drum and the stick were acquired by Ivan Valdemar Wallenius (after 1906 Vanaja, 1896-1937). He studied Tatar and Osman Turkish at Kazan University under Professor N. F. Katanov (1862-1922). In the spring and summer 1896, Wallenius, together with Katanov, spent six weeks in the Abakan valley carrying out linguistic and ethnological studies among the local Tatars. The researchers participated in shamanistic rituals and in a sacrificial ceremony of the Sagai tribe to the spirits on the mountains.

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Type
Other 
Materials
Wooden frame; skin of a mountain sheep; iron pendants; brass bells; pieces of cotton cloths 
Measurements
Height 15 cm Length 62 cm (diameter)  
Creator name
unknown 
Creator date
Unknown 
Where it was made
Russia; Siberia, Abakan steppe, the village of Ust'-Yes 
Geography
Russia; Siberia 
Time period
AD 19th century ~ AD 19th century 
Creation date
Before 1896 
Function
The skin has a picture of the universe in a form of a cross drawn on it in red. It shows the sun and the tree of life which is the column of the tripartite world and thus an important tool for the shaman on his soul' s journey. The handle is carved out of wood. On the inside of the frame there are four "swords", used by the shaman to defend himself on his dangereous path. The jingle bells were used as sound effects during the ritual and the pieces of cloth are gifts for the spirit of the drum. An image of a bird is carved on the stick. 
Acquisition
Acquired by the museum in 1897 
Copyright
 
Acknowledgements
Text by Ildikó Lehtinen Photos Kaarlo Hildén 1914, Markku Haverinen 2001 Aalto, Pentti. Oriental Studies in Finland 1828-1918. Societas Scientiarum Fennica 10b. Helsinki 1971. Salminen, Timo. Suomen tieteelliset voittomaat. Venäjä ja Siperia suomalaisessa arkeologiassa 1870-1935. Suomen Muinaismuistoyhdistyksen Aikakauskirja 110. Helsinki 2003. Wallenius, Ivar. Uhritoimitus Abakanin arolla. Kaikuja Hämeestä VI. Helsinki 1901. 
Owner
State property, National Board of Antiquities, Finland 
Museum
Museum of Cultures, National Museum of Finland 
Credit line
 

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